Merkel calls for reform in UN Security Council

German Chancellor Angela Merkel joins Japan, Brazil, India calling for reform to UN Security Council structure

Photo by: Reuters
Photo by: Reuters

German Chancellor Angela Merkel addresses a plenary meeting of the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 at United Nations headquarters in Manhattan, New York, September 25, 2015

German Chancellor Angela Merkel in a meeting with Brazil, India and Japan on Saturday said that the power distribution in the UN Security Council is outdated and needs to be reformed to fit 21th century.

The most powerful UN body - the Security Council - has 15 members with only 5 being permanent members - Britain, China, France, Russia, and the US - who hold the power to veto any proposed resolution. Temporary members are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly.

"The current atmosphere is that not only we four but many others don't agree with the structure and the working method of the Security Council," Merkel said to her counterparts. "We want to take others with us to reach a modern working structure of the Security Council which suits the 21st century."

Japan, India and Brazil shares Merkel’s thoughts over the power distribution. Global Financial Powers, Germany and Japan believe they should have permanent seats which would allow them to have the authority to veto.

Many UN member states have long had the desire to reform permanent and temporary members. However, the decades-long ongoing efforts that have been fruitless, due to the failure to come up with a functional formula.

"We have to proceed very wisely. We have to find allies to reach our goal of reform." Merkel said.

Permanent members are authorised to block an attempt to a reform. While Britain and France support an expansion of the council, according to UN diplomats.

UN General Assembly initiative to reform the Security Council was proposed to members earlier this month but the US, China and Russia declined to sign. 

UN Security Council is a unit that has authorities such as issuing legally binding resolutions and authorising military action.

TRTWorld and agencies