China released on Tuesday the details of its new military strategy with a list of new expressions such as "active defense" and “international security cooperation.”
China's Military Strategy document, which was released by the State Council Information Office, refers to the unity of strategic defense and operational and tactical offense.
"We will not attack unless we are attacked, but we will surely counterattack if attacked," the paper says.
"China will never seek hegemony or expansion," it adds.
In regards to current security requirements, the military will focus more on "winning informationised local wars."
The Chinese military will also cooperate with international forces related to overseas interests as a new stance on its security policy, according to the paper.
The paper notes critical security topics such as outer space, cyberspace, nuclear force and the navy.
The Chinese security environment as well as regional challenges amid the increasing US military presence in Asia and the renewal of Japan's security policies were also other headings in the paper.
It is the first time that a Chinese military paper mentioned the provocative actions of neighbours and the boosting of their military presence on China's reefs and islands.
"Some external countries are also busy meddling in South China Sea affairs; a tiny few maintain constant close-in air and sea surveillance and reconnaissance against China," the strategy paper said.
The Chinese Navy will also shift its focus from the sole strategy of defending near seas to the combined doctrine of defending both near seas and far oceans as a response to recent changes in US and Japanese security policies.
China will accelerate the development of its cyber security forces to tackle threats against its cyber infrastructure.
The country is also planning to put more focus on both territorial air defence and offence rather than defense alone.
China furthermore announced that it will build two lighthouses in the South China Sea, refusing calls from the US and the Philippines to halt provocative activities in the disputed waters.