China's top family planning authority said on Friday that Beijing will leave details of the implementation of its new two-child policy to local authorities
China is the world’s most populous nation, being home to 1.37 billion people. According to China;s National Health and Family Planning Commission’s forecast, this number will rise to 1.45 billion by 2030 as a result of the new two-child policy.
Chinese Xinhua news agency initially announced on Thursday that China will end its controversial one-child policy and families will be allowed to have two children.
The Communist government adopted the one-child policy in 1979 to constrain rapid population growth in the country.
From 1979 to 2015, about 400 million births were prevented under the policy.
There were a wide variety of punishments for couples who broke the one-child law in the past - some were issued fines, while others lost their jobs.
In recent years, China's ruling Communist Party has been more relaxed about enforcing the law in some provinces, allowing a second child for some couples in urban areas.
After years of enforcing the law, Chinese authorities stated that China is now aging rapidly, gender imbalances are severe and its workforce is shrinking.
National Health and Family Planning Commission Deputy Director Wang Peian said every family wishing to have a second child would still need approval, but the commission will try to shift to a system of registration rather than approval.