President Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared that the world’s political conflicts are threatening peace and stability and affecting all countries without an exception, and thus require nations to get their act together to address fundamental issues.
“We have been going through a critical process in which international community and organisations need to take the utmost responsibility concerning [global issues],” Erdogan said, speaking in Ashgabat during his speech in Turkmenistan’s Neutrality Conference on Dec. 12.
“We wish to immediately settle the conflicts with prominent civilian losses and waves of mass migrations within the framework of international law and cooperation,” he continued.
“In the upcoming era, we could overcome future challenges we will [certainly] confront by acting all together,” the Turkish president emphasised.
Turkmenistan, one of the central Asian Turkic republics, has been holding a comprehensive conference for the 20th anniversary of its “permanent neutrality,” formally recognised by the United Nations (UN) in 1995.
A number of representatives from many respective countries and international organisations attended the meetings of the conference which aim to honour Turkmenistan’s neutrality in the top level.
Erdogan underlined that Turkey supported at the time Turkmenistan’s recognition of its respective neutrality by the UN, along with 185 countries.
He has strongly expressed his appreciation of Turkmenistan’s permanent neutrality with which the country “has acquired an uninterrupted stability and development since gaining its independence,” in 1991 following the collapse of the communist Soviet Union.
In addition, Erdogan has recalled the fact that Turkey was the first nation to recognise the country’s declaration of independence, opening its embassy prior to any other country in the capital city of Ashgabat.
“We have particularly paid attention to our relations with our fatherland Turkmenistan, since achieving its independence. We have a deep-rooted history and common values which have created a concrete foundation of our relations,” he pointed out.
Erdogan has also praised the leadership of current Turkmen President Gurbanguli Berdimuhamedov, indicating that he has further activated the policy of neutrality.
Former Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov -the predecessor of Berdimuhamedov- originally made the neutrality decision on the grounds that his country, as a former Soviet republic, should not be part of any existing military alliance.
Niyazov, a former Communist Party official of the republic, became the first president and led the country until his death in 2006.
The country has tried to retain good relations with the Russian Federation, the successor state of the Soviets, and has also adopted a neutral stance regarding almost all international issues.
There have been several neutral states in the world, to which the best example has usually been mentioned by experts of international relations in Switzerland.
A considerable number of the neutral states have connections with the Non-Aligned Movement which has embraced a moderate position between the US-led NATO and the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact during the Cold War.
Turkmenistan has also been a member of the Non-Aligned Movement.
Turkey became a NATO member in 1952, during the course of the Cold War, in order to counter the threat posed by the Soviet Union.
Turkey and Turkmenistan have ethnic, cultural, and historic ties going centuries back. Many Turkic peoples, including the ones who had migrated to the Anatolia, where Turkey was established, originate in Central Asia according to prominent historians.