Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has raised his country’s concerns over China’s backing of Pakistan at the UN Sanctions Committee regarding the release of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, a man who was accused of being the mastermind behind the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
Modi took up the issue with the Chinese leadership on Tuesday upon Beijing’s blockage of India's move at the UN to demand action against Pakistan over the release of Lakhvi by a Pakistani court in April.
China has backed Pakistan by blocking the Indian proposal at the UN Sanctions Committee where New Delhi had sued Islamabad over the release of Lakhvi last month, on the basis that India could not have provided sufficient information, India’s Ministry of External Affairs sources told reporters on Tuesday.
"Government had taken up the issue of violation of the 1267 sanctions regime in respect of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi. Our concerns in this matter were conveyed to the Chair of the 1267 Committee,” spokesperson of the Indian External Affairs, Vikas Swarup said, according to India Today daily which quoted him on Tuesday.
"We also raised this bilaterally with the other members of the Committee. In the case of China, this matter has been taken up at the highest level," he added.
India’s Ambassador to the UN Asoke Mukherjee had claimed in a letter to the Chair of the UN Sanctions Committee last month that Lakhvi’s release by Pakistani judicial authorities was a violation of the 1267 UN resolution dealing with designated entities and individuals.
Lakhvi is known as a commander of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a militant organisation in Pakistan that allegedly carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting for four days across Mumbai in 2008.
The attacks had hit India's financial capital and killed 166 people while it seriously strained ties between the nuclear-armed neighbours which had already been at odds due to the decades old Kashmir problem.
During the attacks, 10 gunmen infiltrated into Mumbai by boat and spent three days spraying bullets and throwing grenades around the city landmarks.
New Delhi immediately accused Islamabad of the attacks since the militant group based in the Pakistani soil as the formerly unified nations had porous borders through which some militant groups have been attacking on Indian targets for decades.
Lakhvi was arrested in Pakistan in 2009 in connection with the attack, but he was granted bail by an Anti Terrorism Court in Islamabad on Dec. 18, two days after a militant attack targeted on a high school in the city of Peshawar and killed 132 children.
The fact that he was granted bail just two days after the attack, for which many are still in mourning, forced the government to detain Lakhvi under "Maintenance of Public Order" legislation.
The relations between India, Pakistan and China have developed through the border problems as of the partition of British India in 1947 as well as China’s invasion of Tibet to suppress the Tibetan uprising against the Communist rule in 1959.
Since the 1962 Sino-Indian War erupted due to the Tibet problem, China has become Pakistan’s cordial ally, a relation was once labeled as “time-tested friendship” by both Chinese and Pakistani leadership.
China has long been backing Pakistan against India since then at the UN Security Council by using its veto power derived from its permanent membership status.