Police said one rebel was killed on Wednesday in Indian-controlled Kashmir in a gun battle that started two days ago which has led to violent clashes between police and protesters.
The gun battle took place in the Naina Batpora village of the Pulwama district on Tuesday night after police received information about the presence of rebels in the area, said commandant of India's paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Amit Kumar Singh.
"We cordoned off the area by 7 pm (1330 GMT) and as we started the search operation, the militants started firing,” he said.
“After overnight firing, when we started the search again, we found the body of one militant. Our search is still in process.”
Many local people, most of whom are young, poured on to the streets to protest the incident, chanting pro-independence slogans.
Police responded to the protesters by shooting in the air and releasing tear gas to quell the crowd.
Anti-India separatists have long demanded the Himalayan region be given independence or be merged with neighbouring Pakistan. India and Pakistan each administer a portion of Kashmir. Both claim the region in its entirety.
Kashmiris were incensed in 2013 when a former Kashmiri rebel, Mohammed Afzal Guru, was hanged in secret in a New Delhi jail. Many in the mostly Muslim territory believe Guru was not given a fair trial on charges of involvement in a 2001 attack on parliament that killed 14 people, including five gunmen.
Since 1989 an estimated 68,000 people have been killed in armed uprisings and crackdowns by Indian forces.