The Russian Federation assigned the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) leadership to Uzbekistan for the next period on Friday in Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
The SCO, also called the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and India.
Founded in 1996, the SCO was formerly called Shanghai Five.
With the inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
India and Pakistan will also officially join the SCO, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced on Friday.
Putin announced the leadership for the next period of the organisation by saying “Colleagues, today the SCO Presidency will be transferred from Russia to Uzbekistan. I wish President Islam Karimov successful and productive work as the next president of our organisation. Russia will certainly do its best to provide overall assistance to our Uzbek colleagues.”
Putin explained the SCO Development Strategy towards 2025 that was submitted for approval.
He also stressed that the organisation aims to solve border issues and promote cooperation in combating terrorism and drug trafficking.
Putin gave important information regarding the members and the future of the SCO.
“Colleagues, our summit today has opened a new page in the history of SCO development. For the first time since its establishment, we have launched a procedure for admitting new members - India and Pakistan,” he said.
Putin also mentioned several countries that would have a more significant position in the SCO saying “We have agreed that the status of the Republic of Belarus in the SCO will be upgraded to observer. In addition, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia and Nepal will join the family of SCO nations as dialogue partners.”
Uzbekistan President and the next year’s SCO leader Islam Karimov said in the summit that it is necessary to avoid bloc-based policies and to prevent SCO from turning into a military-political alliance.
“It is necessary to keep and improve further our adherence to the approaches and objectives of the Organisation,” said Karimov.