Sunderland, who were downgraded to the Championship after finishing last, made £93.4 million in the payments that include broadcast and commercial income plus prize money.
English champions Chelsea earned £150 million from the Premier League this season while bottom side Sunderland were paid more than Leicester City got as title winners last year thanks to a new broadcast contract.
The 2016-17 campaign was the first under the £5.1 billion TV rights deal signed in 2015, with the total value of the league's central payments to clubs rising to £2.4 billion from £1.6 billion a year earlier.
Sunderland, who were relegated to the Championship (second-tier) after finishing last, earned £93.4 million, more than Leicester did in winning the 2015-16 title.
The amounts include broadcast and commercial income plus prize money. Commercial income, overseas broadcast income, and a percentage of domestic broadcast income is shared equally between the league's 20 clubs.
The rest is split according to each club's league position and the number of televised games they feature in each season.
Third-placed Manchester City and Liverpool, who finished fourth, both featured in more televised games than second-placed Tottenham Hotspur, and accordingly finished slightly above the north London club in the money stakes.
Lowest ratio among Europe's to leagues
Overall, the ratio between the highest and the lowest earning clubs in the Premier League was 1.61 to 1, the lowest among Europe's top leagues.
The Premier League's appeal to broadcasters at home and abroad has also permitted it to increase the money it distributes to grassroots facilities and projects.
In the last financial year, the league spent $257 million in this area, about seven percent of its total broadcast income.
Premier League payments:
Chelsea - £150,811,183
Tottenham Hotspur - £145,461,325
Manchester City - £146,927,965
Liverpool - £146,122,439
Arsenal - £139,636,498
Manchester United - £141,103,138
Everton - £127,800,699
Southampton - £122,450,841
Bournemouth - £118,237,066
West Bromwich Albion - £114,023,291
West Ham United - £116,626,014
Leicester City - £115,820,488
Stoke City - £107,062,381
Crystal Palace - £109,665,104
Swansea City - £103,179,163
Burnley - £101,237,554
Watford - £102,704,194
Hull City - £97,354,336
Middlesbrough - £98,820,976
Sunderland - £93,471,118
£1 = $1.28 at the time of publishing.