Turkey's existing three mobile operators, Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea have won rights to the 4.5G network, in the tender by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority on Wednesday.
Another bidder, Netgsm, declined to make an offer.
There are 20 packets up for tender in this offer, each comprising different frequencies in the total available spectrum licensed by the Authority. Frequency-division duplexing (FDD) means that the transmitter and receiver operate at different carrier frequencies.
Vodafone Turkey was the highest bidder for packet A1 at 800 MHz FDD of Turkish mobile spectrum, offering 390 million euros ($446.8 million).
Avea was the highest bidder for packet A2 at 800 MHz FDD, offering 380 million euros ($435.4 million), and Turkcell was the highest bidder for packet A3 at 800 MHz FDD, bidding 373 million euros.
The minimum price was set at 373 million euros for the A1, A2 and A3 packets.
Avea was highest bidder on packet B1 for 900 MHz FDD, offering 216.8 million euros. Vodafone and Turkcell bid the same amount for packet B2 at 900 MHz FDD. After new bids were requested, Vodafone won with 40 million euros which was minimum price set by the communication regulator.
The new network will offer consumers the ability to use new technologies, including 5G, providing faster surfing, downloads and uploads as well as improved calling. The total amount of spectrum available will be increased by three times.
The rights to the frequencies will last until April 30, 2029.