Details of proposed climate deal announced

France announces proposed climate deal details which include limiting warming to ‘well below 2C’

Photo by: Reuters
Photo by: Reuters

French Foreign Affairs Minister Laurent Fabius, President-designate of COP21, arrives for the final session at the World Climate Change Conference 2015 (COP21) at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, December 12, 2015

France's Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius announced on Saturday the final draft of the climate deal to ministers of nearly 200 countries so that they can pursue and adopt it.

Fabius urged officials to support what he hopes will be a final draft, as the hottest year recorded ends, so do four years of United Nations talks.

Warming below 2C

The “Paris Agreement” offers to reduce global warming to "well below" 2 Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) over pre-Industrial Revolution levels, and 1.5C (2.7F) if possible.

It was a key demand of poor countries ravaged from rising sea levels.

"It confirms our key, even vital objective, to contain the rise of global temperatures far below two degrees and effort a limitation of this rise to 1.5 degrees,” Fabius said in the meeting.

However, the Paris Agreement will also not be a fully legally binding pact.

Greenhouse gas emissions

Another aim of the agreement is to control climate changing greenhouse gas emissions "as soon as possible", with "rapid reductions." 

For that, countries will have to find a balance between emissions from sources like human activity and removals by “sinks” of greenhouse gases like forests in the second half of this century, according to the agreement.

Support for poor countries

Developing and wealthy countries, as defined in a 1992 Convention, should “take the lead” when it comes to emission cuts.

Developing nations who are still dependent on coal or oil are encouraged to "move over time" to cuts.

Rich countries will also provide $100 billion a year to support developing countries’ emission cuts by 2020, and "other parties are encouraged to provide or continue to provide such support voluntarily".

Governments shall set by 2025 "a new collective quantified goal from a floor of $100 billion per year,” the text also said.

If the deal is accepted, it will come into being in 2020.

Environmentalists demonstrate near the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France, as the World Climate Change Conference 2015 (COP21) continues at Le Bourget, December 12, 2015


As he represents the agreement, Fabius told officials in the meeting that "Our responsibility to history is immense."

"If we were to fail, how could we rebuild this hope?" he asked. "Our children would not understand or forgive us."

French President Francois Hollande urged officials to accept the climate deal, saying "France calls upon you to adopt the first universal agreement on climate."

The United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon also urged delegates to adopt the draft.

"We must protect the planet that sustains us," he told the negotiators, adding, "The whole world is watching. Billions of people are relying on your wisdom."

Brazilian Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira said "This is a good text,” and “Brazil can accept this."

David Turnbull, director at Oil Change International, a research and advocacy organisation opposed fossil fuel production, he said "Whereas we left Copenhagen scared of what comes next, we'll leave Paris inspired to keep fighting," referring to the previous failed summit of six years ago.

Greenpeace International executive director Kumi Naidoo said that "The wheel of climate action turns slowly, but in Paris it has turned. This deal puts the fossil fuel industry on the wrong side of history."

"The agreement is both ambitious and powered by the voices of the most vulnerable,"Jennifer Morgan, global director of the climate programme at the Washington-based World Resources Institute, said.


TRTWorld and agencies