Moldovan media has reported that around 10,000 Moldovan citizens have rallied in the country’s capital city Chisinau against the government, accusing politicians of corruption and demanding their resignation.
Moldovan politics has been in turmoil since officials from the Central Bank of Moldova revealed that three banks had given out 1.5 billion dollars in loans. According to some leaked documents, the money was transferred to four Russian banks.
Formed by pro-EU activists, journalists and intellectuals the “Dignity and Truth” group organised Sunday’s rally, saying Moldova’s “pro-EU coalition government” lacks the will to lead the country to EU membership.
The group has demanded the Moldovan government lift parliamentary immunity in order to investigate the names involved in the lost billion case.
Protesters carried Moldovan and EU flags and chanted “Down with the traitors," "Down with the Mafia" and "Criminals to Jail."
The leader of Dignity and Truth and pro-EU political scientist Igor Botan said that "we must step up protests in order to see justice, including over the theft of a billion euros from the banking system. We believe that the architects of this robbery of the century are themselves the leaders of the ruling parties. Without active protests, [authorities] will not do anything."
"Two thirds will be transferred to the national debt, so that we the taxpayers will be forced to return it. We cannot sit idly by and watch this. It is obvious that those who are responsible for this situation will not punish themselves," Botan added.
The protesters said that the government will have until Moldova’s Independence Day August 27 to solve the economic and political crisis in the country, otherwise larger protests will be organised.
Moldovan politics has been in turmoil since officials from the Central Bank of Moldova revealed that three banks gave out 1.5 billion dollars in loans.
The Central Bank issued 884 million dollars to stabilise the Moldovan economy, but this move did not prevent the devaluation of Moldova’s currency by 20 percent.
The time of the illegal transfer occurred just before Moldova’s parliamentary elections in November, when pro-European and pro-Russian candidates competed against each other for seats in the Moldovan parliament.
While the investigation continued, the Prosecutor General’s office detained two people and froze their assets as they were placed under investigation.
In 2013, the Moldovan government signed an association agreement with the EU. However, the current government does not favour the implementation of EU reforms in the near future.
A portion of Moldovan citizens have been demanding unification of Moldova with Romania. Since Romania is a EU member country, supporters of unification with Romania believe it would be a quick way for Moldova to join the EU.
Moldova and Romania have had a complex relationship since the independence of Moldova in 1991. From that time until today, their possible unification has been a popular topic in both countries’ politics.
In 2011, a platform called Actinuea 2012 (Action 2012) was created to support the reunification of both countries. The platform stressed the year 2012, because the year was the hundredth year of the annexation of Bessarabia (Moldova) by Imperial Russia in 1812.
The supporters of unification see the Russian occupation as having prevented the ideal union of Bessarabia (Moldova) with Romania.
Following the Actinuea 2012 movement, the Union Council was created to promote the idea of unification of all Romanian nationals.
Members of both Actinuea 2012 and The Union Council have organised rallies in support of unification.
Despite these movements, polls and surveys indicated that only 10 to 20 percent of Moldova’s population want unification with Romania.