The 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11) will be hosted under the president of France. COP21/CMP11 known as "Paris Summit 2015" will take place from November 30 to December 11.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, Environment Minister Segolene Royal, and French President Francois Holland will play a key role in the conference.
International political searching over climate issues was first initiated at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. It was called the "Rio Convention" and was hosted by the UN Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This year, 195 countries will try to solve the climate problems of the world in Paris along with the UN and French Government.
Furthermore, the basic aim of the 2015 Paris Climate Conference is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate and keeping global warming below 2°C.
"The cooperation of over 190 countries in securing many positive outcomes owes much to the patience and persistence of the COP President—Manuel Pulgar-Vidal—and the spirit of Lima as we look forward to Paris—the city of lights and the city of love for our shared future and shared environment," said Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC.
The 2015 Summit has different sub-headings and elements to be discussed. These elements will be represented in the world climate summit's official website.
- ambitious action before and after 2020
- a strong legal framework and clear rules
- a central role for equity
- a long term approach
- public finance for adaptation and the low carbon transition
- a framework for action on deforestation and land use
- clear links to the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals