Recent Paris terror blasts mark long history of attacks

Friday’s Paris terror attacks conducted by DAESH mark latest of long history of assaults on France since 1978

Photo by: Reuters
Photo by: Reuters

Candles, flowers and a leaflet with the slogan "I am Paris" are left in tribute to victims of Paris attacks in central Strasbourg, France, November 14, 2015.

Friday’s multiple terror attacks carried out by DAESH terrorists in six different locations in the capital of France, leading to the death of 129 people, is but one of many previous assaults on France since 1978.

On May 20, 1978, armed Palestinians opened fire at passengers heading to catch a flight to Tel Aviv from Orly Airport, located 13 kilometres south of Paris.

The attack lead to the death of eight people, which included, three of the armed men, two police officers and three passengers.

Two years later, on Oct. 3, a bomb blast in front of the synagogue of the French Israeli Liberal Union, killing four individuals and leaving around 20 injured.

A “capitole” train en route between Toulouse and Paris on March 29, 1982, was attacked in which the then Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, was supposed to be on, lead to the death of five people and 77 wounded.

Carlos the Jackal, who is currently serving a life sentence in France for the 1975 murder of an informant for the French authorities and two French counter-intelligence agents, is suspected of being involved in the 1982 "capitole" attack.

On Aug. 9 of the same year, five armed people open fire and detonate grenades at customers of the Goldenberg Restaurant located in the Jewish quarter of Paris.

The attack left six people dead and 22 injured, was never solved.  

A year later, a bomb detonated near the Turkish Airlines counter at Orly Airport on July 15.

Three Armenian nationals were convicted in March 1985 over the attack, which killed eight people and wounded 54.

Dec. 31 of the same year, a bomb blasted on a high-speed train traveling between Paris and Marseille, killed three people.

A few minutes later, the main train station in Marseille, located south of France, saw a bomb explode within its premises, killing two people and wounding 34.

Both attacks were claimed by an Arab group linked to Carlos.

Three years later, on Sept. 17, seven people were killed and around 55 wounded when a bomb exploded just outside the Tati Department Store in the capital.

The explosion marked the worst of 15 similar attacks, three of which were conducted by a pro-Iranian group in 1985-86 that killed a total of 13 people and wounded 303.

On Sept. 19, 1989, a DC-10 airliner belonging to the French airline UTA, blew up as it flew over Niger territories, killing 170 people, of whom 54 were French nationals.

Six members of Libya's Secret Services were suspected of carrying out the attack on the French airliner and were sentenced in absentia in 1999 to life in prison.

And on July 25, 1995, a bomb explosion killed eight people and wounded a total of 119 when it detonated inside an RER commuter train in the Saint Michel metro station in Paris.

An Algerian group was held responsible for the crime, along with other eight attacks that killed a total of eight people and wounded more than 200 that same summer.

Two men were sentenced to life in prison after being convicted in 2002 of committing three of the nine attacks.

One year following the Saint Michel metro bomb attack, another bomb exploded along the same RER line on Dec.3, one station away from the Port Royal.

The attack, similar to the attacks in 1995, was carried out using gas canisters, killing four people and wounding 91.

In the year 2012, on March 11 and 15, Mohamed Merah, 23, shot and killed three soldiers in Toulouse, and Montauban southern France, before killing three students along with their teacher at a Jewish school in Toulouse on March 19.

Merah was killed on March 22 in a shootout following the siege of his apartment by French police officers.

Also, on Jan. 7 2015,  two men armed with Kalashnikov rifles raided the offices of Charlie Hebdo, which had published satirical illustrations of the Prophet Mohammed, and killed 12 people, of whom 10 died execution-style.

Police tracked down the two suspect the following day in an area 30 miles northeast of Paris, a gunman took over a kosher grocery, killing four as he entered.

Those remaining in the store became hostages, whom the gunman threatened to kill if the police move against the suspects of the Hebdo attack.

Minutes later, police storm into the grocery and, with more gunshots and explosions, killed the gunman.

TRTWorld and agencies