United Kingdom's Prime Minister David Cameron announced on Thursday that the UK "firmly” backs India as a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked Cameron over UK's support for India's permanent membership into the UN Security Council.
For many years, some countries have called for a reform of the UN Security Council, involving Germany, India, Japan, Ireland, Brazil and Russia.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel in a meeting with Brazil, India and Japan on September 26 said that the power distribution in the UN Security Council is outdated and needs to be reformed to fit the 21th century.
Japan, India and Brazil shares Merkel’s thoughts over the power distribution. Global Financial Powers, Germany and Japan believe that they should have permanent seats which would allow them to have authority to veto.
Many UN member states have long had the desire to reform permanent and temporary members. However, the decades-long ongoing efforts that have been fruitless, due to the failure to come up with a functional formula.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also wants a reform for the structure of the UN and he believes that the current structure has blocked to solve ongoing problems around the world.
“The world is bigger than five,” says Erdogan.
The most powerful UN body - the Security Council - has 15 members with only 5 being permanent members - Britain, China, France, Russia, and the US - who hold the power to veto any proposed resolution. Temporary members are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly.
Permanent members are authorised to block an attempt to a reform. While Britain and France support an expansion of the council, according to UN diplomats.
UN General Assembly initiative to reform the Security Council was proposed to members but the US, China and Russia declined to sign.
UN Security Council is a unit that has authorities such as issuing legally binding resolutions and authorising military action.