Ukrainian Prime Minister, Arseny Yatseniuk, announced on Monday that Ukraine has decided to ban Russian cargo trucks from crossing its territory, in response to a similar move by Moscow.
"Ukraine has temporarily suspended ... transit permits for cargo vehicles with Russian registrations until it receives an explanation and resolution of this dispute," Yatseniuk said.
The Russian transport ministry on Sunday barred Ukrainian trucks as activists had been blocking some Russian trucks from entering the Ukraine.
Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, said, "Unfortunately the Ukrainian government is incapable of restoring order. The fact that some thugs are holding up trucks with firearms, means that there are no authorities in Ukraine."
The ban does not apply to Ukrainian cargo trucks travelling to Kazakhstan through Russia, said Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Arkady Dvorkovich.
Diplomatic and trade ties between Russia and Ukraine have broken down over Russia's annexation of the Crimean Peninsula and a pro-Russian separatist conflict, a dispute that has now hit road freight.