It has been a year of thrilling events in the film and series industry, with Game of Thrones breaking the Emmy Awards record and part four of Star Wars hitting the big screen after a 30-year interval.
The developments in science were also exciting; with the discoveries on DNA bringing hope for cancer treatment, and the detection of liquid water on Mars making way for the possibility of life outside Earth. Saudi women also had their first victory in their fight against gender inequality by gaining the right to participate in elections.
Game of Thrones Emmy Record
HBO, a cable television company's, fantasy epic "Game of Thrones" broke a record at the Emmy Awards in its sixth season. The awards include the best drama, best directing and best writing.
The TV series was awarded 12 Emmy's for its 24 nominations, the most won in a single year. The previous record was nine awards, belonging to The West Wing in 2000.
With the latest victory, the series has 26 Emmy's for its 83 nominations.
Liquid water on present-day Mars
Scientists found the first evidence of liquid water on present day Mars. With new technology from NASA, they analysed its surface and discovered fingerprints of salty water.
They discovered that dark streaks on its surface, called recurring slope lineae, were caused by flowing water. They appear in warm seasons and disappear in cold seasons.
Mars was thought to be a dry planet which had lost the water it once had, except for ice formations or the water in its atmosphere. But NASA has now declared that this is not accurate.
The latest discovery paved the way to the question “Does life beyond Earth exist?” The new discovery makes it possible for at least microbial life.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry for DNA repair
Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their DNA repair discovery. Their studies showed how cells repair faults in DNA, which occur when it is copied or as a result of environmental factors such as UV lights.
Thanks to repair mechanisms, DNA is protected from mutations and damage.
The three professors to discover this are Tomas Lindahl from Sweden, Aziz Sancar from Turkey and Paul Modrich from the US.
The Nobel committee said “Their systematic work has made a decisive contribution to the understanding of how the living cell functions, as well as providing knowledge… about mechanisms behind both cancer development and ageing.”
Saudi women vote for first time
Saudi women voted and ran in municipal elections for the first time, which put an end to gender inequality in Saudi Arabia which is only seen elsewhere in the Vatican.
At least 130,000 women registered to vote in comparison to 1.35 million men. While 978 of the 7,000 candidates were female only 20 women were elected to be councilors.
Star Wars meets fans
Star Wars: The Force Awakens, the seventh film of the classic saga, debuted on 30,000 screens around the world.
The movie broke the box office record of Jurassic Park in the US and Canada in its first weekend with $248 million domestically.
It also gained a total of $517 million at box offices around the world even with exceptions of a few countries including China, the world's second-largest movie market.
The first episode of the classical science fiction movie was created by George Lucas in 1977.
Jeffrey Jacob "J.J." Abrams directed the latest episode which was kept in secrecy for months.