The World Health Organisation (WHO) said that the HIV/AIDS epidemic could end by 2030, as people all over the world celebrated World AIDS day on Dec. 1.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has affected nearly 36.9 million people in the past three decades, since its existence was first discovered by medical researchers.
At the International Conference on AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Africa (ICASA), the WHO presented a set of recommendations to enable countries to expand treatment to all, rapidly and efficiently.
These recommendations include the use of innovative HIV testing methods such as customising treatment approaches to meet the full diversity of people’s needs and offering a wider spectrum of prevention options.
The ICASA will last from November 29 to December 4, 2015 in Zimbabwe.
The world has made significant progress in treatment and prevention since the epidemic’s discovery in 1984.
According to the United Nations reports, HIV treatments have doubled to 15.8 million since 2010. HIV infections have decreased by 35 percent since the peak of the three-decade-old pandemic in 2000, and AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 42 percent since a peak in 2004, UNAIDS said in a report.
However, the AIDS stigma still lingers in rural South Africa despite treatment advances.
Over the last decade, a HIV-positive diagnosis turned into a surmountable problem in South Africa with the help of cheap, widely available antiretroviral treatment.
South Africa, which has the world's largest AIDS epidemic with nearly 20 percent of all adults being HIV positive, is treating more than 2.7 million of an estimated 6.3 million people living with the virus.
Although these advances and treatment opportunities, the stigma surrounding the disease has barely budged especially in rural South Africa such as Qudeni and Zambia where hundreds of children have been left orphaned by the virus.
TRTWorld reports from Zambia to analyse the lives of people suffering from the HIV virus.