With a joints session of the two chamber of Parliament – the House of Federation and the House of Representatives, the fifth Ethiopian Parliament began its five-year term on Monday.
Before the joints session, the House of Peoples’ Representatives vote to maintain Hailemariam Desalegn in power as prime minister for a five-year term, the position has been held by Desalegn for three years since the death of Marxist rebel-turned-leader, Meles Zenawi in 2012.
Desalegn has been nominated by the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (EPRDF), which swept 401 of the 447-seat parliament in the elections held last May. EPRDF’s partners filled remaining 46 seats in the House of Peoples’ Representatives.
After Desalegn succeeded, he promised to open up the country’s political system to allow more space for opposition parties.
Ethiopia has experienced a huge economic growth even though the country suffered a famine in 1984. Following the economic growth and huge infrastructure investment, the country became one of the top economies of Africa and a magnet for foreign investment.