Iran not to commit nuclear transparency ahead of deadline

Iran declines to commit IAEA’s nuclear transparency measures which part of preliminary deal reached between Tehran and world powers in April

Photo by: AFP
Photo by: AFP

Updated Jul 28, 2015

Iranian envoy to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) declined on Thursday to commit on a protocol that requires Tehran’s transparency measures in the nuclear probe.

The United States urged Iran to abide by the so-called Additional Protocol which enables the IAEA envoys’ full-fledged access to Tehran’s nuclear sites as well as  Code 3.1 measures that require early notifications of the construction of any new nuclear facilities in the country.

"These are the issues still under discussion and I believe we should wait to see the final text... and before that, we cannot prejudge anything," Iranian Ambassador to the IAEA Reza Najafi told reporters in Vienna.

Najafi stated that Iran and the world powers could seal a final agreement on the self-imposed June 30 deadline although some disputes still continue to have emerged over the capacity of uranium enrichment, the extent of UN inspections and sanctions relief between the parties.

The West has long been claiming that Iran was seeking to obtain nuclear bombs through its massive nuclear activities, but Tehran denies all allegations and accusations and says its nuclear programme would aim to meet civilian needs of energy demands.

After a decade of deadlock, Iran and the group of six world powers, dubbed P5+ 1, consisting of the US, the UK, France, Russia, China and Germany, had reached a preliminary framework nuclear agreement in Switzerland on April 2.

The IAEA reported last week that it had made some progress, but there was no breakthrough in allegations whether Iran attempted to gain nuclear bombs remained essentially stalled ahead of the June 30 deadline between Iran and the P5+ 1.

The IAEA said Iran’s unwillingness to cooperate with the international investigators would cause the transparency problem, without that the watchdog said it cannot "conclude that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities."

The international nuclear watchdog urged Tehran on more cooperation and willingness for its investigation in the nuclear issue until the punitive sanctions imposed by the West are completely lifted following a prospective final deal.

Meanwhile, the US envoy to the IAEA, Laura Kennedy warned Tehran that the implementation of protocol document was keenly needed to progress in the nuclear talks.

“It remains critical for Iran to implement the provisions of Modified Code 3.1... without delay," she said.  

The additional protocol also enables the IAEA to collect ground samples that can yield information on nuclear activities of which Iran has long been accused by the West.

The preliminary deal reached in Switzerland between the parties specifies that Iran will decrease two thirds of its uranium enrichment centrifuges and limits the level of enrichment to 3.67 percent, which would prevent Iran from making a nuclear bomb. Many of the restrictions will expire in 15 years.

The deal also decreases Iranian uranium stockpiles from 10,000 kilograms to 300 which will be enriched only by Arak Nuclear Reactor under the inspection  of the IAEA.  

In return, the 10-year-deal promises Iran that all UN sanctions on Tehran will end with Iran’s fulfilment of the criteria within a planned calendar, after a July 1 final deadline was agreed between Iran and the West.  

But the West insists upon that a complete removal of sanctions would depend on the IAEA’s full-fledged access into Iran’s nuclear facilities and freely deliver a comprehensive report on its findings which will confirm or deny the allegations and accusations attributed to Tehran.

Iran’s Supreme leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei last month labeled the Western terms as being “arrogant demands” and rejected the full access of the international watchdogs to all Iranian nuclear facilities.


TRTWorld and agencies