In a victory for Iranian government over largely conservative critics, Iranian Parliament passed the bill approving the nuclear deal with the world powers on Tuesday, state news agency IRNA said on Tuesday.
"The bill to implement the JCPOA ... was passed in a public session on Tuesday with 161 votes in favour," IRNA said. There were 59 votes against and 13 abstentions.
Iran sealed a long sought for nuclear deal with world powers on July 14 of this year in Vienna. The deal between Iran and six world powers - Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United States - is aimed at monitoring Iran's most sensitive nuclear work for over 12 years in exchange for immediate relief for the country from the economic sanctions which have long crippled its economy.
Iranian government had dubbed the nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and Tuesday's vote removes a major obstacle to pushing the deal to take effect.
However, the passed bill in parliamentary session insists that international inspections of Iranian military sites should always remain largely restricted. Any foreign inspection should be approved by a top Iranian security body, meaning that complications or disagreements could still hinder the process in the future.
The bill will now be submitted to a clerical body in Iran in order for it to obtain final approval and passage into Iranian law.
“We need to take steps aimed at development of the 'resistance economy' and lifting the obstacles in the way of the blossoming of our national economy, which call for cooperation and harmony among all state organizations and the people, as otherwise we will face defeat in those respects” Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani told IRNA on the parliament’s Monday session.
Site inspections can create disagreements
Negotiations between Iran and the world powers have been in progress for years, with each party failing to compromise to finalize a feasible deal, until last July.
One of the most important points the world powers insisted Iran should abide by is accessible inspection to the country’s nuclear program. While Iran insists its 12 -year old nuclear program is only used for civilian and peaceful purposes, other nations disagree, including Israel, and Iran’s regional rival Saudi Arabia along with the Gulf countries.
Saudi Arabia is currently leading a military coalition, battling Iranian proxies, Houthi rebels, in Yemen, who have forced Yemen’s lawful President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi to move to Riyadh until order is restored.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described the completion of the nuclear deal a “historic mistake”. He said the accord with Iran will allow it "to continue to pursue its aggression and terror in the region."
In theory, the deal should give the UN’s IAEA extra authority in its attempts to inspect sites and centrifuges in question, a condition previously rejected by Tehran. On paper, the deal means economic prosperity for Iran, with almost no chance of military aggression against any other country in particular.
Iran also accepted a "snapback" plan that will restore the pulled back sanctions in 65 days if the country violates the deal agreed with six world powers to curb the country's nuclear programme.
Also, last July and only few days after the completion of the deal, US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter told his Israeli counterpart in Tel Aviv that the option of military action to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons still exists despite the nuclear agreement.
Iran most recently developed and successfully tested a brand new precision-guided ballistic missile, Iranian Defence Minister Hossein Dehghan said on Sunday. Iran is trying to improve the accuracy of its missile arsenal, because the potential effectiveness of its long distance missile program has been compromised by poor accuracy, Reuters reported.
"The Emad missile is able to strike targets with a high level of precision and completely destroy them... This greatly increases Iran's strategic deterrence capability," Defence Minister Hossein Dehghan said during a televised news conference.