Israeli Air Force jets pounded several targets they claim belong to the Palestinian resistance group Hamas in the Gaza Strip early on Thursday.
Israeli authorities claim a rocket from the coastal territory landed in southern Israel.
It was not possible to immediately confirm if the Palestinian rocket that allegedly fell near the city of Ashkelon before dawn caused any sort of damage after warning sirens were sounded.
"The repeated rocket fire at Israel ... is a deliberate decision to target civilians. No person should live under the threat of terrorism," Israeli military spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Lerner said in a statement.
A militant group operating in Gaza which sympathises with Al Qaeda has been blamed for other recent strikes, none of which caused injuries or damage. The group is not allied with Hamas.
The borders between the blockaded Gaza Strip and Israel have been mostly quiet since the 2014 summer invasion of the coastal enclave by Israel in which more than 2,100 Palestinians were killed, most of them civilians, while 67 soldiers and six civilians were killed on the Israeli side.
An IDF spokesperson could not give any information regarding the location of the IAF target in Gaza, except that it was "terror infrastructure."
The Gaza Strip has seen the worst humanitarian situation since 2009 caused by a blockade imposed by Egypt and Israel.
The Rafah border crossing is the main road linking the Egyptian border town of Rafah to Gaza. It has been mostly closed since the overthrow of deposed president Mohamed Morsi in 2013. As a result of subsequent militant attacks on security and military headquarters in the bordering Sinai Peninsula.
Egyptian authorities have confirmed that the Rafah crossing will be opened again for humanitarian cases in the future.