Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov hosted his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif on Monday in Moscow as the parties discussed the ongoing crisis in Syria as well as security issues surround the region.
A political settlement must be prioritized in Syria by the active participation of belligerent parties without outside intervention, Lavrov said on Monday after his meeting with Zarif in Moscow.
“The settlement in Syria can only be political and diplomatic and negotiated by Syrian parties without any outside interference,” said Lavrov on the Russian Foreign Ministry's official Twitter account.
“Russia and Iran share convergent views regarding developments in Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Afghanistan and other hotspots,” Lavrov added.
Lavrov reiterated Moscow’s opposition to use of foreign military intervention into the Syrian conflict which further converged Russia and Iran as well as Tehran’s long-standing nuclear standoff with the West.
“We advocate settling the issues in these countries through national dialogue without imposing any ‘formulas’ from abroad,” Lavrov also tweeted.
Russia and Iran are known for their solid stance towards the Syrian crisis and have backed the Assad regime so far, a vital support that essentially annoys Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait as well as Turkey in the region.
“We are satisfied with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear program. We hope this plan will come into force in the coming weeks, per the UNSC [UN Security Council] resolution to this effect,” Lavrov said concerning the Iranian nuclear agreement which was reached on July 14 in Vienna.
“The plan of action is expected to enhance confidence in the region and remove barriers to normal economic and political cooperation,” he added.
The Iran’s nuclear deal is expected to further dissipate Western pressure over Damascus regime since Iran enhances its bargaining power regarding the regional crises foremost in Syria and Yemen.
As the conflicts surged around the Syrian capital, Zarif visited Damascus last week following his trip to Lebanon for negotiations with the Syrian government over a four-point plan to be submitted to the UN which aimed at ending the Syrian civil war.
Both Iran and Syria got the Russian support against Western pressures over the escalating military and humanitarian crises.
Since the Geneva talks, the US and Russia have been clashing over the ongoing Syrian crisis for which the parties could not have converged on how to end the civil war engulfing the Assad regime in Damascus.
The US and Russia are still negotiating to find a proper solution to the issue, but the parties continue to have essential divergences on the matter since ISIS advancement in and around Syria has further complicated the issue.
Russian President Vladimir Putin last month reiterated Moscow’s staminal support to Syria when the Syrian FM Farid Moualem visited Moscow.
Putin warned of any external use of force which might attempt at changing the Assad regime in order to terminate the civil war, but admitted that an international cooperation needed to solve the crisis in Syria.
But the US has been focusing in Syria on the struggle with ISIS rather than immediately changing the Bashar al Assad regime as the militant group captured strongholds in Syria and Iraq since June 2014.
The ongoing conflicts have culminated with the death of almost 250,000 people in Syria while millions of Syrians either displaced in the country or forced to flee to the neighbouring countries Turkey and Lebanon and to Europe.
In this context, Turkey has been so far the most affected party from instability and disorder in Syria given the fact that the country has a long border with its southern neighbour.
The country has been hosting almost 1.8 million Syrian refugees who were forced to flee from the regime’s military attacks and ISIS killings since the conflicts began in late 2011.
For this reason, Ankara insists on establishing a free safe zone alongside its border with Syria in order to protect and shelter people who have been suffering the four years of conflicts.