Libyan political conflict ends with agreement

Officials say agreement reached for political solution over ongoing Libyan conflict

Photo by: AFP
Photo by: AFP

Ibrahim Fethi Amish (2-R) from Libya’s HoR speaks during a press conference after signing documents with Awad Mohammed Abdul-Sadiq (C), the first deputy head of the GNC, in Gammarth, Tunisia, 06. 12. 2015.

Updated Dec 7, 2015

Rivals in Libya reached a political agreement on Sunday to be approved by rival parliaments on ending the political dispute that has been in place since Muammar Gaddafi’s overthrow.

"This is a historic moment the Libyans were waiting for, the Arabs were waiting for and the world was waiting for," said Awad Mohammed Abdul Sadiq, the first deputy head of the Tripoli-based General National Congress (GNC).

The Tripoli-based GNC representatives have been holding talks in Tunisia for several days, with the delegates from internationally recognised Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR) which is supported by the United Arab Emirates.

Abdul Sadiq described the agreement as “a historic opportunity” and called for Libyan support to the agreement.

“If this solution receives real Libyan support –from the people and institutions– we will surely arrive in no more than two weeks or a month to a solution to solve the political crisis,” said Abdul Sadiq in a press conference.

A delegate from the GNC, Amna Emtair told to media that the agreement will establish a new representative that would choose a committee to appoint a prime minister within 15 days. The other committee would be able to conduct a review of Libya’s constitution.

“It is a major breakthrough,” Emtair said.

Libya has been in an upheaval since the revolution which started at the end of 2010 in Tunisia, called the Arab Spring.

Libyans killed their leader Gaddafi on 20 October 2011, since then two governments have been vying for power and armed groups are battling for control of its vast energy resources.

In August 2014, a militia alliance overran the capital Tripoli and established a rival government and a parliament that forced the internationally recognised administration to flee to the country’s remote east.

Martin Kobler, a German diplomat took the job from Spaniard Bernardino Leon of the United Nations special envoy for Libya on November 17.

After almost a year of negotiations, Leon in October proposed a power-sharing deal.

The deal says that Libya would be governed by a nine-member presidential council made up of a prime minister, five deputy premiers and three senior ministers.

GNC and HoR were both opposed to the deal and the names put forward by Leon. 

When Kobler took office he urged politicians from both sides to rally around the deal proposed by his predecessor to set up a national unity government.

TRTWorld and agencies