The European Union’s Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini paid an official visit to Tehran on Tuesday to talk with the Iranian leadership about the implementation of recently agreed nuclear deal which aimed to curb country’s long-standing nuclear programme in exchange for lifting of sanctions.
"The EU's [Foreign Policy Chief Federica] Mogherini arrived in Tehran and she will meet top officials, including President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister [Mohammad Javad] Zarif and some other officials," Iran’s state TV reported on Tuesday.
After a long-lasting marathon talks, Iran and the P5+ 1 countries, consisting of the US, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany, had agreed on a final nuclear deal on July 14 in Vienna.
The deal suggests Iran to curb its nuclear programme in exchange for the removal of UN sanctions and arms embargo over the country as well as releasing the country’s 100 billion dollars worth of assets around the world.
The meeting between Mogherini and her Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif on Tuesday particularly focused on the ways to implement the nuclear deal as the parties emphasised the importance of a wider cooperation in the new era in which Iran is expected to re-integrate with the West.
"High-level talks will be held between Iran and the European Union over different issues, including energy cooperation ... human rights, confronting terrorism and regional issues," Zarif said in the press conference with Mogherini.
However, Mogherini emphasised that the implementation of the nuclear deal would "depend on political will of all parties involved," by adding, "it will pave the ground for wider cooperation between Iran and the West."
A final nuclear deal might also be said to provide Tehran a legitimate base in relations with its Middle Eastern neighbours, such as Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries which have been essentially opposing a nuclear armed Iran.
With a Western support derived from the nuclear settlement, Iran is expected to enhance its bargaining power regarding the crises in Iraq, Syria and Yemen where the parties have been divided over power struggle and sectarian violence.
The parties have already been at odds due to the maritime disputes considering the Gulf of Aden, and Basra to which Iran also calls “Persian Gulf” since the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s.
Before her arrival to Tehran, the EU’s top diplomat on Monday also visited Saudi Arabia where she met with Saudi officials and discussed prospective measures regarding the nuclear agreement and Iran’s surging geopolitics in the region.
The Gulf Arab dynasties, foremost Saudi Arabia, welcomed a final nuclear deal with Iran, but put their reservations since the deal promises to break Iran’s long-standing isolation in both the Middle East and the world.
Saudi Arabia publicly supported the P5+ 1 move, but it called for a full commitment of Iranian compliance to the proposed deal in Vienna.
Riyadh attaches importance to any agreement that ensures Iran to dissuade from obtaining nuclear weapons and demands a full-fledged International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) access to the Iranian civil and military sites.
Saudi Arabia and its Gulf allies accuse Iran of spreading “aggression” across the region while Tehran claims Arab states as “outpost of the American expansionism” given the fact that the Gulf countries’ role in the US invasion of Iraq.
Soon after the nuclear deal reached, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei said that they would never give up to support Tehran’s regional allies, including the Hezbollah in Lebanon, Bashar al Assad regime in Syria and Houthi forces in Yemen.
The ongoing Yemen crisis also augmented geopolitical rivalry and military discontent since the Saudi-led air strikes targeted the Houthi militias which were backed by the Iranian regime.
Iran is also known for its solid stance towards the Assad regime in Syria and that backs the Syrian military through sending weaponry and human resources, a vital support that essentially annoys Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and as well as Turkey in the region.