The Palestinian unity government dissolved on Wednesday when Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah presented the resignation.
Nimr Hammad, an aide to President Mahmoud Abbas, told AFP "Hamdallah handed his resignation to Abbas and Abbas ordered him to form a new government," referring to Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah.
He said that discussions to form a new government would include consultants with the various Palestinian factions, including Hamas.
“The Prime Minister Dr Rami Hamdallah has been calling for a reshuffle of the government for the last few months, particularly after the war in Gaza, which really needed a reshuffle to expand the government to meet all the needs for the people, particularly our people in Gaza Strip after the Israeli war,” said Ihab Bseiso, a Palestinian government spokesperson.
The move came just after Mahmoud Abbas said the unity government was unable to operate in the Gaza Strip.
The unity government would likely to be replaced with a government of politicians, not a government of technocrats, said a Palestine Liberation Organisation official.
Officials have said the move had been under discussion for several months allegedly because the cabinet was unable to operate in Hamas’ Gaza.
However, Hamas rejected any unilateral dissolution of the unity government, saying no one told them anything about any decision to change and no one consulted with them about any change in the unity government.
“Hamas rejects any one-sided change in the government without the agreement of all parties,” Hamas spokesperson Sami Abu Zuhri told AFP on Wednesday, accusing Fatah of acting on its own in all regards.
“Any changes in the government, dissolving or accepting its resignation, or forming a new government, should come through a national deal according to the ‘Shatia’ agreement of last June,” said another Hamas spokesperson Fawzi Barhoum.
‘’All Palestinian factions should discuss this issue because it’s very important for all Palestinians, not only for President Abbas or Fatah,” Barhoum added.
Earlier in June, Ismail Haniya, deputy head of Hamas’ political office, said there had been no humanitarian or economic progress, referring to the reconstruction of the war-torn Gaza after the 51-day ‘’Operation Protective Edge’’ and other issues, in the Gaza Strip since the unity government was formed a year ago. This inability was a major point of internal dispute between Fatah and Hamas.
The resigned unity government was established by Gaza-based Hamas and Ramallah-based Fatah in June 2014 following an agreement carried out to end the division between the two political forces of Palestine in April.
In July and August 2014, Israel launched the 51-day “Operation Protective Edge” in Gaza Strip and killed more than 2,100 people, mostly women and children and injured another 11,000. On the Israeli side, 67 soldiers and six civilians were killed.