Syrian opposition finalises Homs pull-out

Opposition forces complete withdrawal from Homs as part of an evacuation deal with the regime.

Photo by: Reuters
Photo by: Reuters

An opposition fighter holds his weapon on a bus, as rebels and their families evacuate from the besieged Waer district, after an agreement was reached between rebels and the Syrian regime, in Homs, Syria May 20, 2017.

Syrian opposition forces started leaving their last district of Homs city on Saturday in the final phase of an evacuation deal that will see Bashar al Assad's regime take back the area in the seventh year of the country's war.

At least one bus left al Waer carrying fighters and their families, and dozens more were expected to follow to bring some 2,500 people out of the district long besieged by regime forces and their allies.

The evacuation of al Waer is one of the largest of its kind. It follows a number of similar deals in recent months that have brought many parts of western Syria long held by the opposition and besieged by regime and allied forces back under Assad's control.

The deal, backed by the regime’s ally Russia, began to be implemented in March. Thousands of people have left in a several stages. By the time it is completed, up to 20,000 people will have left the district, the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group says.

Many of the opposition fighters are to head for opposition-held Idlib province in Syria's northwest and to the town of Jarablus along the country's northern border with Turkey, pro-regime media reported. Some will stay in al Waer and hand over their weapons as the regime and its allies move in.

A Russian officer helping oversee the deal's implementation told reporters Russian military police would help with the transition.

"Russia has a guarantor role in this agreement. Russian military police will stay, and will carry out duties inside the district," Sergei Druzhin said through an Arabic interpreter.

Syria's regime calls the evacuation deals, which have also taken place in besieged areas around Damascus, and in Aleppo at the end of last year, reconciliation agreements. It says they allow services and security to be restored.

The opposition has criticised the agreements, however, saying they amount to forced displacement of Assad's opponents away from Syria's main urban centres, often after years of siege and bombardment.

Assad's regime, backed militarily since 2015 by Russia and since early on in the war by Iranian-backed militias, has negotiated the pacts from a position of strength and brought Syria's major urban areas in the west back under its control.

The opposition still controls some pockets of territory around Damascus and in the south, as well as almost all of Idlib province.

Daesh holds swathes of territory in the east of Syria, and is being fought by separate forces, including US-backed fighters and the Russian-backed Syrian regime.

TRTWorld and agencies