Forty-one Syrian rebel groups who are fighting against the Syrian regime announced in a statement released on Monday forming an alliance including Ahrar al Sham and other prominent opposition groups to fight against the pro-regime Russian forces who continue conducting the air strikes in Syria.
The groups had called earlier for the unity in a response to the Russian military intervene in Syria supporting the Syrian regime’s president Bashar al Assad and forces loyal to him.
In the statement signed by the 41 groups, the rebels called the regional states to form a unity against "the Russian-Iranian alliance occupying Syria."
Russia and Iran have been backing the Syrian regime since the beginning of the four-year war in Syria which claimed more than 250,000 Syrians, whilst, half of the country’s population are displaced internally or in the neighbouring countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, Iraq and in Europe, where more than 350,000 Syrians have claimed asylum.
Last week on Wednesday, Russian warplanes started air strikes on rebels' positions in northern and western Syria, though it was announced that the aim for the air strikes is targeting bastions belong to ISIS who control large swaths of eastern part of Syria and western Iraq.
“Russian warplanes carried out further air strikes on the towns of Al Latamneh and Kafr Zita in the northern countryside of Hama” the SOHR said on Tuesday.
The opposition alliance does not include al Qaeda’s Syria-affiliate the Nusra Front, which had joined the rebels in an alliance dubbed Fateh Army in May and they had wrested a significant ground from Assad forces in the north after fierce battles.