The United Nations’ Security Council is planning to vote on a definite resolution concerning the long sought for Iranian nuclear deal which would end targeted sanctions but retains an arms embargo and ballistic missile technology ban, diplomats told the AP.
The UN Security Council resolution would terminate the Council’s seven previous resolutions on Iran, but under the Vienna deal this would leave a UN weapons embargo in place for five years and a ban on buying missile technology for eight years.
The United States will circulate the draft resolution to the 15-member Security Council on Wednesday, UN diplomats said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Iran’s Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei cast aside his notorious distrust of the United States and its allies and supported the completion of the nuclear deal in order to end the decade long economic isolation of the Iranian nation.
The European Union's foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said the deal sealed in Vienna after lengthy negotiations opened the way to a new phase in international relations. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif also said it has opened a "new chapter of hope."
The deal between Iran and six world powers including Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United States is aimed at monitoring Iran's most sensitive nuclear work for over 12 years in exchange for immediate relief for the country from economic sanctions which have long crippled its economy. The United States, Russia, China, Britain and France, are all permanent veto-wielding members of the UN Security Council - while Germany and the EU were also parties to the deal agreed with Iran in Vienna.
Iranian nuclear programme chief Ali Akbar Salehi said the deal respects his country’s reservations and red lines.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is verifying "implementation of agreed nuclear-related measures by Iran."
Under the deal, Tehran will have the right to challenge UN requests for site inspection and an arbitration board composed of Iran and the six world powers will decide over disputes on the issue.
Iran's acceptance in principle of granting access to its military sites will give the IAEA extra authority in enforcing compliance with the deal and make a future military intervention against the country far less likely.
However, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said that the world powers will be “extremely vigilant” in how Iran will handle or spend the financial gains resulting from the sanctions relief provided to it.
Iran has also accepted a so-called "snapback" plan that will restore the removed sanctions within 65 days if the country violates the nuclear deal, diplomats told Reuters on Tuesday.