Russia economic sanctions against Turkey have come into effect as of today, as Moscow enforces its vow to “punish” Ankara for the downing of a Russian fighter jet along the Turkish-Syrian border on Nov. 24.
Turkey shot down the Russian Su-24 as it was bombing ethnic Turkmen opposition forces in Syria’s northern Latakia near the Turkish province of Hatay.
The jet was shot down in accordance with Turkey’s rules of engagement after it failed to heed several warnings not to violate Turkey's airspace.
A diplomatic crisis emerged between Ankara and Moscow following the incident, with Russia imposing sanctions on Turkey’s food products and tourism industry. Russia also ended visa-free entry for Turkish citizens.
The new sanctions have also banned numerous Turkish companies from operating in Russia.
President Vladimir Putin’s administration announced new sanctions against Turkey on Wednesday, forbidding its companies from serving Russian public institutions and municipalities in the construction, tourism, hotel management, and service sectors.
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed an order approving the measures.
In addition, the Turkish Stream, a natural gas pipeline project between the two countries, has been suspended.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated that the project has been shelved by the Turkish government, not Russia, because Moscow has not fulfilled Ankara’s core demands regarding the pipeline.
Turkey and Russia disagree over how the Syrian civil war should be resolved as Turkey and the US-led coalition against the DAESH terrorist group have consistently called on Syrian regime leader Bashar al Assad to step down, while Russia and Iran have supported the regime since the beginning of the conflict.
The existing disagreement worsened following the start of high-level Russian military intervention into the Syrian conflict, which has been strongly protested by the US, Turkey and the NATO alliance.
It has been extensively reported that this is the first time a NATO member country has downed a Russian warplane since the 1950s, going back to the days of the Korean War.