Turkish leaders have announced that the country is more than ready to host the 10th annual G-20 Leaders’ Summit which will be held in the southern province of Antalya on Nov. 15-16, with full representation from the world’s 20 strongest economies.
The latest G-20 summit, which is an acronym for “The Group of Twenty,” brings together top leaders from 19 countries - Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States - and the European Union (EU).
The Antalya Summit will be overseen by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey who has been holding the rotating presidency of the summit since December 2014. The meetings will start with an opening speech by Erdogan on Nov. 15.
US President Barack Obama, Russian President Vladimir Putin, British Prime Minister David Cameron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande and Chinese President Xi Jinping are all expected to attend the summit.
The EU will be represented in the summit by the heads of the European Commission and the European Central Bank.
The central bank governors of the 19 largest economies will also participate in the G-20 Antalya summit.
The G-20 was materialised in 1999 as an extension of the G-7 meetings by the world’s primary finance operators to deal with the existing and developing problems of global economic governance. The new group has served as an international gathering of finance ministers and central bank governors of the world’s largest economies until 2008.
The Leaders’ Summit was established in 2008 by an initiative of the then-French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown in part to respond to the global economic crisis between 2007-2010, indicating that the world’s major powers have recognised the importance of emerging countries in discussion of global issues.
Turkish media has reported that around 13,000 officials and 3,000 journalists worldwide will participate in the meetings which will be held at the Regnum Carya Hotel Convention Center located in the Belek town of Antalya’s Serik district.
Turkey has also invited the leaders of Spain, Azerbaijan, Malaysia, Senegal, Singapore and Zimbabwe as guest countries, using its privilege as being the host country of the summit.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan informed in an interview with Turkey’s Anadolu Agency on Nov. 13 that, the country has gone through “an important preparatory period” and established “a successful set-up” for the summit.
During the preparatory stage, Turkey has organised more than 70 meetings to lay down the proper ground for the summit, Erdogan stated.
Erdogan also emphasised that Turkey has determined three additional titles, “inclusiveness,” “investment” and “implementation” for the meetings, highlighting Turkey’s preferences.
Bringing together the countries that hold 90 percent of the world's GDP, the G-20 summit will mainly focus on economic growth.
However, the war in Syria and the growing refugee numbers will also be discussed at the summit, which Erdogan particularly pointed out in his latest interview.
The Turkish Presidency's spokesman Ibrahim Kalin also said on Monday that "Nobody should expect that we will solve the Syrian issue at the G-20 meeting. The G-20’s main agenda is the global economy. But it is not possible to think in terms of economic development as distinct from political issues."
"This year, the deepening refugee crisis and the issue of global terrorism will be discussed by G-20 countries' leaders at a working dinner on Nov.15," Kalin added.
Turkey has implemented strict security measures for the summit and declared the town of Belek a high-security zone, where a 12,000-strong security force has been deployed to secure the area.
Security measures will be strengthened in the zone through more than 350 cameras, plate and facial recognition systems, and the use of high-tech electronics.
Turkish aircrafts stationed at Konya and Antalya airports and at the Incirlik Air Base will also be ready to provide security for the summit, if necessary.
Turkish authorities have also determined an area of hotels in the town of Belek near the sea as a summit region or main zone, where only accredited guests will be able to enter with 30 designated hotels in the zone which will be subject to a systematic safety inspection during the duration of the summit, Turkish media has reported.
An additional 16 hotels in Belek, outside of the declared summit region will host guests from business groups and NGOs.