Turkey’s ninth president Suleyman Demirel dies at 91

Suleyman Demirel, ninth president of Turkey dies at 91 due to respiratory infection and heart failure

Photo by: AA
Photo by: AA

Updated Jul 28, 2015

Turkey’s ninth president Suleyman Demirel passed away on Wednesday, at 2:05am local Turkish time due to respiratory infection and heart failure, according to a statement from Ankara Guven Hospital.

His health has condition worsened on Tuesday.

Demiral was born in a village of Isparta province in 1924. He graduated from Istanbul Technical University, faculty of civil engineering.

As a Turkish statesman and politician, served as the leader of the Justice Party (AP)  from 1964 to 1993 and the True Path Party (DYP) from 1987 to 1993.

Being a veteran politician, he was the prime minister of Turkey five times from 1965 to 1993.

He served as the ninth president of Turkey between the years of 1993 and 2000.

While serving as prime minister he resigned after a military memorandum on March 12, 1971 following the warning of Turkish military to restore order when nationalists and leftist groups fought and strikes continued for months, and subsequently a coalition government was established under military rule.

He served as prime minister for three more times between 1971 and 1980.

On Sept. 12, 1980, he was dismissed by a military coup and banned from political life for seven years.

Following the military coup the political parties of Turkey were to be re-established. During this time, Demirel was exiled in a military base for 121 days, along with other 16 former politicians.

After seven years, he returned to active politics by referendum on Sept. 6, 1987. After 18 days, he was elected as chairman at the extraordinary convention of the True Path Party (DYP) that replaced the Justice Party.

Demirel became prime minister once again in 1991 in a coalition government.

By the sudden death of president Turgut Ozal, he became the ninth president in 1993 and served until May 16, 2000.

TRTWorld and agencies