Two of the Turkish opposition party leaders -Kemal Kilicdaroglu and Devlet Bahceli- announced on Tuesday that they would consider forming a coalition government with the governing Justice and Development Party (AK Party) if they agree on certain issues, declared as “red lines.”
The leader of the Republican People’s Party (CHP) Kemal Kilicdaroglu said: “We have important problems in Turkey. The electorate wants us to discuss them in the parliament. Our door is open if prime minister would come to us. We would consider.”
Before the election, Kilicdaroglu had announced in a television interview that they would not form a coalition with the AK Party.
Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) leader Devlet Bahceli also announced their party’s three conditions to establish a coalition government with the AK Party, saying that he will arrange a meeting if Davutoglu requests. Bahceli stated their demands as following that are removing the presidential system debate off the table, ending the peace process with the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK), and excluding the deputies allegedly involved in the “corruption case.”
Despite Bahceli’s strict lines, MHP officials underlined that they would resume dialogue with the AK Party in order to avoid political chaos and an economic crisis, Turkish media reported.
In his first statement after the election, Bahceli ruled out being part of a coalition by saying he wants an early election if the AK Party is unable to establish a coalition government with the two other opposition parties in the parliament.
Meanwhile, the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) co-chair Selahattin Demirtas said “We are aware of the responsibility of our party. We will not allow chaos, tension, insecurity and instability in Turkey.”
However, he said “We are not going to be a part of coalition with AK Party,” saying that they would consider other options. Demirtas stated that they favour AK Party-CHP coalition as they ranked in the first and second places in the elections.
On the other hand, the AK Party, which secured the largest proportion of votes, is expected to start initiatives for a coalition after the request made by the President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
The AK Party has drawn its lines for a coalition with the other parties. The party has three requests in order to form a coalition that are the struggles with “parallel state” and tutelage, continuation of the peace process, the full recognition of President Erdogan’s legitimacy, Turkish media reported.
Speaking a day after the elections, Turkey’s 11th president Abdullah Gul called for all parties to act in common sense.
Stating that everybody should respect the esteem of nation Gul said political parties should prefer the option of establishing a coalition government over early elections.
In case the political parties are unable to achieve a parliamentary majority, Turkey faces three options - a coalition, a minority government or an early elections under an interim government.
In order to maintain democratic gains and stability, all four parties started to consider the coalition options with each other.
According to unofficial results, the AK Party has 40.8 percent of the votes, the CHP has 25.1 percent of the votes, the MHP has 16.4 percent while the HDP gained 13 percent of the votes in Sunday’s general election in Turkey.
In Turkey's tense political atmosphere, an early election is seen more probable considering that the rivalry between the opposition parties might result in a deadlock in the formation of a government.
If the parliament fails to establish a new government within 45 days, an early election will be inevitable.