Turkish scientist Aziz Sancar received the 2015 Nobel prize in chemistry at a ceremony held in Stockholm on Thursday.
Sancar, who is a biochemist and molecular biologist specializing in DNA repair, cell cycle checkpoints, and circadian clock, was awarded over his research on DNA repair, which signals a significant step in treating cancer.
Sancar said that ‘’DNA repair is crucial in sense that protecting the human body against cancer because most of the factors that lead to cancer damages the DNA and causes the disease.We have found out how the DNA repairs itself and how human cells preserve themselves against cancer."
Sancar also said that he believed that the mechanism of cancer would be solved within ten years, as he noted that there are important ongoing works on cancer.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and chemistry was the second prize area that Alfred Nobel mentioned in his will.
In his will, Alfred Nobel dictated that his entire remaining estate should be used to endow "prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind." He assigned one part of it to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement in the field of physics.
Along with Sancar, Swedish Tomas Lindahl and US Paul Modrich were awarded the prize in 2015. Sancar is now one of 171 scientists who have received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry since 1901.