Bolivia, which lost former coastal territory during a war in the 19th century, argues that Chile has not kept later diplomatic promises and obligations under the international law

Bolivian President Evo Morales gestures as he arrives for the opening of hearings at the World Court in The Hague, Netherlands March 19, 2018.
Bolivian President Evo Morales gestures as he arrives for the opening of hearings at the World Court in The Hague, Netherlands March 19, 2018. ( Reuters )

Bolivian President Evo Morales arrived in The Hague on Monday for the opening of hearings at the World Court, where his land-locked Latin American country is seeking to force Chile to grant it access to the Pacific Ocean.

Bolivia has asked the court, formally known as the International Court of Justice, to order Chile to enter negotiations on the issue, over which it filed the suit in 2013.

Bolivia, which lost former coastal territory during a war in the 19th century, argues that Chile has not kept later diplomatic promises and obligations under international law to negotiate over "sovereign access" — presumably a land corridor and port under its control.

But in opening arguments, Bolivian lawyers said the country was not asking "the court to rule on how sovereign access should be arranged... but simply (to ensure) that Chile return to the negotiating table in good faith"

"For 150 years Bolivia has suffered the historical injustice of being landlocked," said lawyer Eduardo Rodriguez Veltze, adding that Chile had made many promises "to reconnect Bolivia to the sea".

An old map depitcs Bolivia with its coastline at the Bolivian Sea Coast Museum in downtown La Paz, Bolivia on Wednesday, Jan. 21, 2004.
An old map depitcs Bolivia with its coastline at the Bolivian Sea Coast Museum in downtown La Paz, Bolivia on Wednesday, Jan. 21, 2004. ( AP )

Chile was due to respond on Tuesday to those arguments.

Bolivia currently has access to the Pacific via Chilean ports, but must pay fees. Chile argues that the matter was settled by the 1904 peace treaty struck after the War of the Pacific, which fixed current boundaries.

In 2015, the court found it had jurisdiction in the case, despite Chilean opposition.

The issue has been a recurring bone of contention between the Andean neighbours over decades.

Bolivia, which still retains a navy, wants a corridor to the sea to boost its exports of natural gas and minerals. Chile argues Bolivia already has access on favourable terms.

Oral arguments run through March 28. Then judges will deliberate for several months before setting the date for a ruling.

The International Court of Justice is the United Nations' highest court for disputes between nations. Its rulings are binding and cannot be appealed, though countries have occasionally flouted them.

Source: Reuters