A lawsuit filed by young activists says federal officials violated their constitutional rights by failing to adequately address carbon pollution such as emissions from the burning of fossil fuels.

Associate Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch, left, joined by Chief Justice John Roberts, stand outside the Supreme Court in Washington, Thursday, June 15, 2017
Associate Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch, left, joined by Chief Justice John Roberts, stand outside the Supreme Court in Washington, Thursday, June 15, 2017 (AP)

The US Supreme Court on Friday rejected, for now, a bid by the President Donald Trump's administration to block a trial in a lawsuit filed by young activists who have accused the US government of ignoring the perils of climate change.

The loss for the administration means it now faces a high-profile examination of US climate change policy during the trial that was due to begin on October 29 in Eugene, Oregon but has since been postponed by the judge.

Chief Justice John Roberts on October 19 had temporarily put the case on hold while the court as a whole decided how to proceed.

The Supreme Court's three-page order noted that the administration may still have grounds to take its arguments to the San Francisco-based 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals.

Conservative Justices Clarence Thomas and Neil Gorsuch indicated they would have granted the administration's request. There was no indication of how Trump's new Supreme Court appointee, conservative Brett Kavanaugh, voted on the issue.

In the lawsuit, 21 activists, ages 11 to 22, said federal officials violated their rights to due process under the US Constitution by failing to adequately address carbon pollution such as emissions from the burning of fossil fuels.

The lawsuit was filed in 2015 against former President Barack Obama and government agencies in a federal court in Eugene, Oregon. Both the Obama and Trump administrations have failed in efforts to have the lawsuit thrown out.

The administration has said a courtroom is not the appropriate venue for a debate on climate change policy.

In court papers, Trump administration Solicitor General Noel Francisco said that the plaintiffs are seeking to hold the US government liable for the cumulative effects of carbon dioxide emissions "from every source in the world over decades."

Lawyers for the young activists, led by Julia Olson of a Eugene-based group called Our Children's Trust that brought the lawsuit, have said their clients have suffered "irreparable harm" from the effects of a changing climate.

"This is a case about the fundamental rights of children and whether the actions of their government have deprived them of their inalienable rights," Olson said in court papers.

Source: Reuters