Ambushes on rebel camps over the past two days in forest deep inside the western state of Maharashtra have left at least 37 fighters dead, police said.
Police in central India killed at least 37 Maoist rebels, with more bodies pulled out of a river on Tuesday, two days after security forces ambushed a band of fighters in a forest deep in the interior of Maharashtra state, authorities said.
On Monday evening, a day after police commandos launched that attack, police in Gadchiroli district killed six more Naxalite guerrillas, including four women, in a firefight.
Sunday's operation took place in the same district, on the border between Maharashtra and Chattisgarh states, around 1,000 km (600 miles) east of Mumbai.
After a four-hour gun battle, some 16 rebels, including men and women, were found dead, but police said an unknown number had been shot as they tried to escape into the Indravati river.
The bloated bodies began to surface a day later, and police were still pulling bodies out of the river on Tuesday.
Satish Mathur, director general of Maharashtra police, told Reuters the body count had reached 34 but could rise.
"We are still recovering bodies from the river ... The count could go up as the search operation is still going on," said Prashant Diwate, a police spokesman in Gadchiroli.
Last month, a roadside bomb killed nine police in Sukma district of Chattisgarh state.
Landless peasants and tribal groups form the rank and file of the Naxalalites, a movement whose origins go back to the late 1960s. The name is derived from a village in West Bengal state where the group was founded. At that time they used bow and arrows, but these days they are armed with Kalashnikov automatic rifles and weapons captured from raids on police posts.
Engaged in a grinding insurgency across India's interior for the past few decades, the Naxalites have counted on funding from communist groups at home and abroad, and their strength runs into tens of thousands, with factions operating in most of India's states.
According to the Interior Ministry, more than 5,500 people have been killed since 2009 until the end of March in insurgencies stoked by what it calls left-wing extremism.