The scale of devastation in India, Nepal and Bangladesh focuses attention on the poor planning and lack of preparedness for annual monsoon rains. Authorities struggle to get aid to millions of destitute in the region.
The most devastating floods to hit South Asia in a decade have killed more than 1,400 people and focused attention on the poor planning and lack of preparedness for annual monsoon rains, as authorities struggle to get aid to millions of destitute.
Floods in Texas have dominated world media coverage in recent days, but India, Nepal and Bangladesh have suffered flooding for two months, with hundreds of villages submerged and tens of thousands of people in relief camps short of food and vulnerable to disease.
TRT World speaks to IFRC spokesman Francis Markus about the crippling crisis.
Governments not prepared
Entire districts will take months to limp back to life, with schools destroyed, roads washed away and crops ruined in some of the region’s poorest areas, officials said.
As the extent of the damage became clearer, experts highlighted how poorly prepared governments were to deal with an annual problem.
Most government action in India, where the flooding has hit hardest, has been focused on relief, with weak early warning systems and too little focus on prevention.
Lack of regional coordination
The head of a South Asian regional body launched this year to boost disaster coordination said the flooding underlined the poor planning.
"The floods this year have exposed the urgency for (South Asian) nations to work together to deal with natural disasters," said PK Taneja, of the India-based SAARC Disaster Management Centre.
Flooding upstream in Nepal, for example, was followed by flooding in India this year and then downstream in Bangladesh, he said, but there was little coordination.
"We cannot work in silos to deal with floods... It is the worst of floods in decades."
India's federal auditor, in a damning report released in July, said that in most states there was no identification and no assessment of flood-prone areas to help prepare.
Tens of millions of dollars earmarked for flood management remained unspent. And of the 4,862 large dams, only 349 were functioning, it said.
Flooding happens annually across South Asia, as rivers burst their banks during the June-September season of heavy monsoon rains.
In India's state of Bihar, where 514 people died and 850,000 were displaced, campaigners said the government had built too many embankments, roads and highways that trapped excess water and given little thought to drainage.
But disaster management officials said that it was unfair to criticise, given the scale of this year's deluge.
"If you get a whole year's rain in one to two days, how will you handle it? No preparation and planning will work," Anirudh Kumar, of Bihar's disaster management department, said.
Aid agencies said people were starting to head home, often to find little left of their dwellings - villagers in Nepal were returning to half-devastated homes full of mud and water, Dibya Raj Poudel, of the Nepal Red Cross Society, said.
"Many survivors are traumatised... They fear the floods may hit them any time again and they have no place to stay nor any food to eat.
More than 8.1 million people in #Bangladesh have so far been affected by what is considered one of the worst floods the country has experienced. Here's an update from our colleagues on the ground.Posted by International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies on Monday, August 28, 2017
According to the International Federation of Red Cross (IFRC), floods in Bangladesh affected over 7.4 million people.
IFRC rescued Abdul Malek and his family who survived the floods on a rooftop surrounded by rising waters in Jamalpur district, Bangladesh. They had just the food that they could carry with them before they fled.
But Malek's crops and only cow have been washed away, leaving him with thinking as the water cedes; how will he support his family?
The latest disaster zone is Pakistan's largest city, Karachi, where incidents related to overnight floods killed at least a 23 people, officials said on Thursday.
The army was called in to help evacuate people from flooded areas and to provide relief goods.
By Friday, heavy rains lashed the city of Lahore.