Alireza Hodaei is a doctoral fellow at the Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies and currently is a visiting fellow at the Center for Modern Turkish Studies at Istanbul Şehir University.
The Trump administration ambitiously set out to cut Iranian oil exports to zero and force it to the negotiating table, but as more sanctions are imposed, it seems the effect is slower than expected.
In 2019 Iran is engaged in an effort to strengthen ties with a country it has often been at odds with – and Azerbaijan is in need to allies in its dispute with Armenia.
The EU placed sanctions on Iran this week accusing it of being behind assassination plots of political opponents in Europe. However, it offered little evidence to substantiate its claims, and sanctions can threaten the Iran nuclear deal.
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