Ibrahim Moiz is a student in history and political science at the University of Toronto. He studies political upheaval and conflict with a special focus on Afghanistan.
In a career filled with complexity and contradiction, Massoud was lionised as the ‘good Muslim’ during the insurgencies of the 1980s and 1990s, an expediency that would reek of Western dissonance post-2001.
The Libyan warlord has consistently upped the ante, but only has a losing hand to show for it.
There is more to the scuppering of peace talks between the Taliban and the US than just continued fighting between the two sides.
The struggle for peace in Afghanistan is complicated by international powers, as well as conflicts between and within various Afghan factions.
Despite its role in ousting military dictator Omar Bashir, the army is now beholden to the whims of unstable militias it once relied on to keep the Darfur region in check.
Autocrats have often used the facade of democracy to give their hold on power a veneer of legitimacy.
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