Financial leaders of the world's biggest economies dropped a pledge to keep global trade free and open after being unable to find a suitable compromise with an increasingly protectionist United States.
The world's financial leaders adopted a list of principles on Saturday to boost the resilience of their economies against future shocks, including the advice to strengthen policy frameworks to reap the benefits of open markets.
"The risks for the global economy continue to persist of course, some even say they have rather increased," German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said on Saturday during a news conference at the end of the G20 meeting in Baden-Baden.
"This is why it's all the more important that we are well prepared," Schaeuble said, adding that strengthening economic resilience against future shocks was one of the priorities of the German G20 presidency.
Schaeuble said the adopted list of principles included policy recommendations for example on labour market regulation, but also for international trade and the "importance of open markets."
The adopted document entitled "Note on Resilience Principles in G20 Economies" is organised around five broad themes – real sector, public finance, private finance, monetary policy and external sector.
The list includes the advice to "strengthen macro economic foundations and policy frameworks to reap the benefits of openness to trade and international capital flows."
It also calls on governments to "ensure that the benefits from trade are widely shared throughout the entire economy."
In the section on public finances, it says governments should ensure that public debt is on a sustainable path taking into account "longer term structural fiscal pressures."
In their main communique, the G20 countries nixed a pledge to keep an open and inclusive global trade system after being unable to find a suitable compromise with an increasingly protectionist United States.
In an apparent reference to US proposals to introduce a border tax to favour exports over imports, the separate document on resilience warns against negative spillover effects from individual policy actions.
"While the effects of individual policy actions are amplified through positive cross-border spillovers, any possible negative cross-border spillovers arising from individual policy actions should also be considered," it says.
The International Monetary Fund chief economist Maurice Obstfeld warned on Monday that US proposals to overhaul the US tax code by favouring exports over imports could have spillover effects to other economies such as Saudi Arabia as the measure was likely to strengthen the dollar.