Britain was due to leave the EU on March 29 but Prime Minister Theresa May received a short delay after her divorce deal with the EU was rejected overwhelmingly by lawmakers on two occasions.
British Prime Minister Theresa May said on Wednesday she would quit if her twice-defeated EU divorce deal passes at the third attempt, making a last-ditch bid to persuade rebels in her Conservative party to back her.
This followed UK lawmakers rejecting all eight alternatives to the Brexit deal in a vote, including leaving without a withdrawal agreement, and holding a public referendum.
May told a meeting of Conservative lawmakers she would stand down if her divorce plan finally got through a bitterly-divided parliament, to ensure a smooth path for a new leader to begin the next step of negotiating the future relationship with the European Union.
"I have heard very clearly the mood of the parliamentary party," May said. "I know there is a desire for a new approach – and new leadership – in the second phase of the Brexit negotiations – and I won't stand in the way of that."
May's announcement is the latest dramatic turn in the United Kingdom's three-year Brexit crisis, but it is still remains uncertain how, when or even if it will leave the European Union.
Many of the Conservative rebels who want a cleaner break from the EU than May's deal would deliver had made it clear that they would only consider supporting her agreement if she gave a firm commitment and date for her resignation.
TRT World's Simon McGregor-Wood brings more from London and Kevin Ozebek reports from Brussels.
'Prepared to leave this job'
May, a vicar's daughter, had already promised to step down before the next election, due in 2022. By agreeing to go sooner, she increases the chances of her EU deal passing before the new April 12 deadline.
"I am prepared to leave this job earlier than I intended in order to do what is right for our country and our party," May told the party meeting, according to extracts released by her office.
"I ask everyone in this room to back the deal so we can complete our historic duty – to deliver on the decision of the British people and leave the European Union with a smooth and orderly exit."
The government is now expected to bring the deal back to parliament for a third vote on Friday.
"It was inevitable and I just feel she's made the right decision. She has actually read the mood of the party, which was a surprise," said Conservative lawmaker Pauline Latham.
May's deal means Britain will leave the EU single market and customs union as well as EU political bodies.
But it requires some EU rules to apply unless ways can be found in the future to ensure no border is rebuilt between British-ruled Northern Ireland and EU member Ireland.
Many Conservative rebels have objected to this so-called Irish backstop, saying it risks binding Britain to the EU for years. But given the choice between the backstop and no Brexit at all, more should come round.
Some of the party's most influential dissenters had already indicated they would back her deal, agreed after two years of talks with the EU, saying it was the least worst option.
May's deal was defeated in parliament by 149 votes on March 12 and by 230 votes on January 15.
While May was telling her lawmakers of her intention to quit in a parliament committee room, MPs in the main chamber debated eight Brexit options ranging from leaving abruptly with no deal to revoking the divorce papers or holding a new referendum.
In a night of a high drama British parliamentarians, none of the Brexit options secured clear backing:
- Customs union - For: 264 Against: 272
- Confirmatory referendum - For: 268 Against: 295
- No-deal exit on 12 April - For: 160 Against: 400
- Common Market 2.0 - For: 188 Against: 283
- EFTA and EEA membership - For: 65 Against: 377
- Revoking Article to avoid no deal - For: 184 Against: 293
- Labour's Brexit plan - For: 237 Against: 307
- Malthouse Plan B - For: 139 Against: 422
If the British parliament wanted to show it was going to take back control, it showed otherwise.
Theresa May will likely use the vote to indicate that her Brexit deal is the best option available.
The United Kingdom was originally due to leave the EU on March 29 but last week the EU granted an extension to the divorce date until April 12.