Milos Zeman is the favourite in the presidential election with his anti-immigration views. But his critics worry he's too focused on keeping warm relations with Russia and China.
Czechs started voting on Friday in the first round of a presidential election in which eight candidates are seeking to defeat incumbent Milos Zeman, whose brash style and leanings toward eastern powers have sharply divided opinion.
The vote, likely to end in a run-off in two weeks, is seen as a referendum on 73-year-old Zeman, in office since 2013, who has harshly criticised migration from Muslim countries and is keen to boost ties with Russia and China.
Czech presidents have limited executive powers but previous incumbents have had a strong influence on public opinion. They also appoint central bankers and judges and are pivotal in forming governments – a process the EU and NATO member country is now going through.
A loss for Zeman to any of his main challengers could mean Czech public opinion may shift closer to the EU mainstream, in contrast to ex-communist neighbours such as Poland and Hungary whose governments have clashed with Brussels.
A former centre-left prime minister, Zeman has warm relations with Russian President Vladimir Putin and has called for the removal of EU sanctions imposed over Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea.
He has also sought more trade with China and was the only Western leader to attend a military parade in Beijing in 2015. But he has been criticised for ignoring Chinese human rights issues that Czech foreign policy had previously focused on.
TRT World's Sarah Morice reports.
Zeman leads polls and should pick up a strong vote outside Prague and other cities on Friday and Saturday, but is expected to fall short of winning over 50 percent of the vote and may face a strong challenger in a run-off set for January 26-27.
First-round voting started at 1300 GMT (2:00 pm) on Friday and ends on Saturday at the same time.
Zeman is a supporter of US President Donald Trump and similarly boosts his appeal with sniping at the press and what he calls intellectual elites. He regularly holds voter meetings with crowds of people in smaller towns.
"I like that he speaks to voters," said Irena Matuskova, a Prague nurse who plans to vote for Zeman.
Czechia: More than eight million voters are eligable to elect a President today. Polls are open on Friday from 1400 to 2200 CET and on Saturday from 0800 to 1400 CET. A second round will be held later this month if no candidate gets 50%+ of the vote. #Volby #Volby2018 #Tschechien— Europe Elects (@EuropeElects) January 12, 2018
Zeman's most serious challenger is Jiri Drahos, 68, a chemical engineer and former head of the Czech Academy of Sciences who has campaigned on anchoring the Czech Republic's place in Europe.
Songwriter and businessman Michal Horacek, 65, could also vie for a spot in the run-off while support has risen for former centre-right Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek and diplomat Pavel Fischer.
The outcome may influence Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis's chances of finally forming a cabinet as his first attempt to rule in a minority administration is likely to be rejected by parliament next week.
Czechia, Sanep poll:— Europe Elects (@EuropeElects) January 11, 2018
Zeman (SPO-*): 31% (+1)
Drahoš (*-*): 20% (-4)
Topolánek (*-*): 17%
Fischer (*-*): 10% (+4)
Horáček (*-*): 7% (-3)
Hilšer (*-*): 6% (+2)
Hynek (REAL-*): 4%
Hannig (SUV-*): 2% (-1)
Kulhánek (ODA-*): 1% (-1)
Sample Size: 1,852
Field Work: 30/12/17-04/01/18
Zeman has backed Babis even as the billionaire businessman has struggled to get support from other political parties while he battles police allegations he illegally obtained EU subsidies a decade ago. Babis denies wrongdoing.
Babis said on Thursday he would vote for Zeman.
Zeman and Babis are among the most popular politicians in the country of 10.6 million that is largely Eurosceptic and rejects accepting migrants from the Middle East and Africa.
Among the leading candidates, Zeman has been the most outspoken on migration, linking Muslim immigration to security threats.