Possibility of giving the increasing number of refugees crossing Mediterranean access to the Schengen region is turning the pressure on Italy's neighbours, who have avoided a similar influx of people seeking safe shores.
Italy is considering issuing temporary visas that would allow migrants to travel around the EU, the deputy foreign minister of Italy said on Tuesday.
The announcement came after the number of people crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa increased as Italy buckles under the pressure of new refugee arrivals on the country's shores.
More than 93,000 mainly sub-Saharan African and Bangladeshi refugees and migrants have arrived by boat in southern Italy so far in 2017, a 17 percent increase on the same period last year, according to the interior ministry.
Asked whether migrants could be given the temporary permits, Italy's Deputy Foreign Minister Mario Giro told left-wing newspaper Il Manifesto the government was looking at all possibilities.
"We are in a tug of war," Giro said in the interview which was posted on the foreign ministry's website.
Permits under consideration
He said Italy wanted to avoid unilateral gestures, but is against the strict application of EU law which keeps migrants in their first country of arrival.
"We don't accept being turned into a European hotspot, or feeling guilty because we rescue people, so deciding what to do with the migrants who arrive is everyone's responsibility," Giro said.
It was too early to say when or how many such permits could be issued, Giro said, adding that the Italian authorities who receive asylum requests already have the power to grant them.
A day earlier, Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano had said the temporary visas were not on the government's agenda.
Pressure on EU
Italy angered many EU governments with a decision to offer residence permits to migrants in 2011 when violence in North Africa sent thousands fleeing to Europe.
It intends to pressure its EU neighbours to do more to help ease the refugee crisis. Italy complains its European partners are not sharing the load.
Issuing them again would put pressure on other countries to help, said Enzo Bianco, mayor of the Sicilian port town of Catania, where 10,000 migrants rescued off the coast of Libya have been brought so far in 2017.
"We are allowed to use these tools, and it's a good thing to remind Europe about its duty to be more responsible," Bianco, a former interior minister and the member of the ruling Democratic Party (PD), told in a telephone interview.
"This is a way of grabbing Europe's attention and saying we must tackle this emergency together."
The threat of the visas, which would allow free movement in the Schengen area, is enough to cause concern among Italy's neighbours.
Austria's foreign minister on Monday vowed to protect the border if adopted.
Meanwhile, the UN refugee agency is appealing for $421.2 million to help improve protection of refugees in sub-Saharan and North Africa and back efforts in Europe to cope with asylum seekers.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees said Tuesday the plan, which incorporates previous appeals, is needed "to help provide meaningful alternatives to refugees and others undertaking dangerous journeys to Europe."