The main sticking point in the Brexit deal is how to keep open the border between the British province of Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic, a member of the EU.
The leaders of Britain and Ireland said Thursday they had spotted a "pathway" to an elusive Brexit deal, keeping hopes of a breakthrough alive just three weeks before the UK's deadline to leave the European Union.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Irish leader Leo Varadkar provided a status update on the issue after a private lunch meeting in northwest England that lasted for several hours.
"Both continue to believe that a deal is in everybody's interest," they said in a joint statement. "They agreed that they could see a pathway to a possible deal."
Britain is due to leave the 28-nation bloc on October 31, and attempts to find a deal have foundered over plans for the border between EU member Ireland and the UK's Northern Ireland.
The currently all-but-invisible border underpins both the regional economy and Northern Ireland's peace process.
Under a UK proposal, there would have to be customs checks on some goods, though not on the border itself. The EU says any customs checks are unacceptable.
There was little of substance in Varadkar and Johnson's statement indicating a breakthrough or whether the "pathway" was near or far off.
The two agreed to "reflect" further on their discussions, which concentrated on the challenges of customs and consent. They also agreed to keep talking.
After the meeting, Varadkar sounded more positive than he has in recent weeks.
"I think it is possible for us to come to an agreement, to have a treaty to allow the UK to leave the EU in an orderly fashion, and to have that done by the end of October," he said. But he warned things could still go wrong, and added: "In terms of how long it will take, I can't predict that with any certainty."
In recent days, Britain and the EU have traded bad-tempered barbs about who is responsible for the deadlock in talks.
After Johnson's Downing Street office claimed EU intransigence had made it "essentially impossible" for the UK to leave with a deal, European Commission President Donald Tusk warned against playing a "stupid blame game."
Varadkar and other EU leaders say Johnson, who took office in July, has repudiated the withdrawal agreement made with the bloc by his predecessor, Theresa May. That deal was rejected three times by Britain's Parliament, largely because of lawmakers' opposition to provisions to ensure an open Irish border.
Johnson insists the UK will leave the UK on October 31, with or without a divorce deal.
However, many members of Britain's Parliament are determined to prevent a no-deal Brexit, which economists say would plunge the UK economy into recession. Last month, they passed a law requiring the government to ask the EU for a delay if no divorce deal has been agreed by October 19 — the day after a key summit of EU leaders in Brussels.
Johnson says he won't delay Brexit past October 31 — but also will obey the law. It's unclear how the two statements can be reconciled.
Parliament is expected to hold a rare Saturday sitting on October 19 as lawmakers grapple with what to do next.