Kenya's High Court on Thursday ordered the government to end its shutdown of the country's top three TV stations after it tried to broadcast images of the opposition leader's mock inauguration, a ceremony considered treasonous.
Journalists and human rights groups have raised an outcry over the shutdown of live transmissions that began on Tuesday. Some journalists told The Associated Press that they spent the night in their newsrooms to avoid arrest.
Opposition leader Raila Odinga on Tuesday declared himself "the people's president" in protest of President Uhuru Kenyatta's election win last year, in a ceremony attended by tens of thousands of supporters in the capital Nairobi. Odinga claims the vote was rigged and that electoral reforms in the East African nation have not been made.
The government responded to Odinga's "swearing-in" by declaring the opposition movement a criminal organisation and investigating "conspirators" in Tuesday's ceremony. An opposition lawmaker who stood beside Odinga and wore a judicial outfit during the ceremony was arrested, his lawyer said.
Kenya's interior minister, Fred Matiangi, on Wednesday said the TV stations and some radio stations will remain shut down while being investigated for their alleged role in what he called an attempt to "subvert and overthrow" Kenyatta's government. Matiangi claimed that the media's complicity in the mock inauguration would have led to the deaths of thousands of Kenyans.
But on Thursday, High Court Judge Chacha Mwita directed the government to restore the transmission for the Kenya Television Network, Citizen Television and Nation Television News and not to interfere with the stations until a case challenging their shutdown is heard.
Kenya's freedoms are "under serious attack right now", Odinga told reporters, calling the country's ruling party "certainly mad".
Henry Maina, regional director of media rights group Article 19, called the shutdown of the TV stations a violation of constitutionally guaranteed media freedoms and the "lowest moment for media freedom in a decade". The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists called on Kenyan authorities to allow the TV stations to immediately resume broadcasting.
Sleeping in newsrooms
A popular TV news anchor said on Thursday that he and two other journalists were forced to spend the night in their newsroom to avoid arrest.
Larry Madowo, a news anchor with Nation Television, said multiple sources informed him and colleagues that undercover policemen were waiting in the parking lot outside their offices. He said the journalists decided to spend the night in the newsroom for security reasons.
The 73-year-old Odinga called Tuesday's ceremony a step toward establishing a functioning democracy in Kenya—East Africa's economic hub—after months of political uncertainty.
Kenya's Supreme Court nullified the August election after Odinga claimed that hackers infiltrated the electoral commission's computer system and changed results in favor of Kenyatta. The ruling, citing irregularities and illegalities, was the first time a court had overturned a presidential election in Africa. The court ordered a fresh election in October that Kenyatta won and Odinga boycotted, claiming a lack of electoral reforms.
After Tuesday's ceremony, Odinga updated his Twitter profile to call himself "President of the Republic of Kenya".