The K1 Air Base is the third site coalition forces have left this month in line with US plans to consolidate its troops in two locations in Iraq.

US soldiers stand guard during the hand over ceremony of Qayyarah Airfield, Iraqi Security Forces, in the south of Mosul, Iraq early  March 27, 2020.
US soldiers stand guard during the hand over ceremony of Qayyarah Airfield, Iraqi Security Forces, in the south of Mosul, Iraq early March 27, 2020. (Ali Abdul Hassan / AP)

The US-led coalition withdrew on Sunday from a military base in northern Iraq that nearly launched Washington into an open war with neighbouring Iran.

The K1 Air Base is the third site coalition forces have left this month in line with US plans to consolidate its troops in two locations in Iraq.

A rocket attack on the base in late December killed one American contractor and lead to a series of tit-for-tat attacks between the US and Iran-backed Iraqi militia groups. The attacks culminated in the US-directed killing of top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani and senior Iraqi militia leader Abu Mahdi al Muhandis.

Coalition forces handed over the K1 air base in the northern Iraqi province of Kirkuk to Iraq's military, according to a coalition statement. At least $1.1 million of equipment was transferred to the Iraqis as 300 coalition personnel departed.

K1 has hosted coalition forces since 2017 to launch operations against Daesh in the nearby mountainous areas. Areas south of Kirkuk, and north of neighbouring provinces of Diyala, Salahaddin and Nineveh remain hot beds of Daesh activity.

The stretch of territory is also disputed between the federal Iraqi government and the Kurdish region of northern Iraq, which has created security gaps benefiting Daesh militants.

The coalition's presence had at times been a mediating presence between the two competing authorities.

A senior coalition official earlier this month claimed Daesh was not as able to exploit the "security gap" between Iraqi and Kurdish forces as the militants did in the past.

"That doesn’t necessarily mean that Daesh is free to operate in the way that they wish," said the official.

"They are still pretty constrained."

The coalition official was speaking on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.

US soldiers gather for food at Ain al Asad air base in Anbar, Iraq, Jan. 13, 2020.
US soldiers gather for food at Ain al Asad air base in Anbar, Iraq, Jan. 13, 2020. (Ali Abdul Hassan / AP)

US-led forces have already withdrawn this month from Qaim, near the border with Syria and Qayara base, in Nineveh earlier. 

All were in line with plans to pullout from bases across Iraq and consolidate coalition forces in Baghdad and at Ain al Asad Air Base in the country’s western desert.

The plan has been in the works since late last year, the senior coalition military official said, and accelerated when Iraqi forces proved they were capable of facing the threat from Daesh with limited coalition assistance.

Source: AP