In a shocking diplomatic thaw that reshaped the Horn of Africa, this year Ethiopia's prime minister announced his country would fully accept a deal ending a 20-year border war with Eritrea.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has the momentum to strengthen Ethiopia's democratic institutions and restore trust in the system. The trick is to turn this goodwill into tangible policy change.
Border conflicts have marred east African states for decades, but some political goodwill has finally emerged in the region, seeking to build an enduring peace.
Oromo people have been asking for equal representation for decades. Now, with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (an Oromo) leading the country, they hope they can claim their rights.
The unrest in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa was the latest instance of ethnic violence to challenge Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who has undertaken aggressive reforms including reigning in the security forces since his April inauguration.
Ethiopia and Eritrea had been at war for 20 years over the location of boundaries between the two countries.
Under Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia has instituted reforms including releasing political prisoners, diluting state control of the economy and making peace with northern neighbour Eritrea after two decades of hostility.
Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki reopened his country's embassy in neighbouring Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, marking a dramatic thaw in relations after years of stalemate.
"We are one people," says Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, who is in Addis Ababa for a three-day state visit, just a month after a peace deal that ended a 1998-2000 deadly border war between two neighbours.
Reforms have so far been the foundation of Abiy's government since taking office on April 2. But analysts say Abiy is facing stiff opposition within his ruling coalition.
Ethiopia's new reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki sign peace deal officially ending one of Africa's most intractable military stand-offs.
"A brotherly embrace," says Eritrean minister as Ethiopian leader Abiy Ahmed becomes the first head of government to visit Eritrea in a dramatic diplomatic thaw aimed at ending one of Africa's longest-running border disputes.
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