South African President Cyril Ramaphosa's inauguration followed his ruling African National Congress party's 57.5 percent victory in this month's election.
The governing African National Congress is ahead as ballot count continues in an election that has seen a low turnout.
Three opinion polls in recent weeks show the ANC's support ranging between 51 and 61 percent, compared with the 62 percent it won in 2014.
South Africans go to the polls on Wednesday in one of the most competitive national elections since the first multiracial vote in 1994.
As May 8 general elections approach, South Africans accuse the ruling African National Congress (ANC) of reneging on Nelson Mandela's 1994 promise of "a better life for all."
South Africa's main opposition party says it could go to court to stop proposed land reforms after the country's National Assembly endorsed a report calling for the constitution to be changed, paving the way for expropriations without compensation.
The power struggle over Jacob Zuma's departure put the president at loggerheads with Cyril Ramaphosa, his expected successor, who is the head of the ruling African National Congress party.
A secret ballot on the no-confidence motion increases the chances that African National Congress MPs may vote against the president without fear of losing their jobs.
The country's anti-corruption watch dog says the institution's mandate of maintaining currency and price stability should be changed so that the bank worries less about currency stability and more about employment. This has not gone down well.
With more than 100,000 emails and leaked documents allegedly showing undue influence over President Jacob Zuma, the ANC is now calling for a probe into the matter.
South African President Jacob Zuma defeated the challenge in a 54-18 vote. Senior members of the governing African National Congress (ANC) tabled the motion against the president.
President Jacob Zuma fired five ministers and 10 deputy ministers from his cabinet in a major reshuffle which the governing ANC party has criticised.
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