Paabo has spearheaded the development of new techniques that allowed researchers to compare the genome of modern humans and that of other hominins — the Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Scientists James Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz won the accolade for ground-breaking work in astronomy that increased the understanding of our place in the universe.
Scientists William Kaelin, Peter Ratcliffe, and Gregg Semenza won the accolade for their body of work on how cells sense and adapt to the availability of oxygen, the award-giving body says.
A professor at the University of Chicago, Richard Thaler was awarded the prize for his contribution to behavioural economics.
The Nobel chemistry prize was awarded for a revolutionary technique dubbed cryo-electron microscopy, which has shed light on the Zika virus and an Alzheimer's enzyme.
US scientists Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne won the prize for their pioneering role in the detection of gravitational waves. Physics is the second of the 2017 Nobel Prizes to be awarded, following Monday's announcement in medicine.
Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes awarded each year. This year, the prize went to three American scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young for their discoveries about the body's daily rhythms.
"The greatest living poet" is the first musician to be awarded the prize.
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