Amid rising tensions with France, Algerian ministries instruct staff to use Arabic language in officials correspondence.
The 'commemoration' of the 1961 Paris Massacre showed that the French president still harbours a colonial mindset.
The emergence of new worthy competitive actors has opened space for North African countries to relinquish Paris and leverage new partners.
Human rights groups and Algerian associations in France called on authorities to further recognise the French state's responsibilities in the 1961 massacre of Algerians and to further open up archives.
Nearly 4,000 worshippers protesting mosque’s conversion into church were massacred by French colonial forces in the mid 19th century.
While France’s silence on its colonial role in Algeria may work domestically, the future of European and North African relations is closely impacted by Paris’s silence.
Algerian President Tebboune has spoken publicly for the first time about the row with France, demanding "total respect" from the former colonial power.
"They need to free themselves of certain behaviours, which are intrinsically linked to the incoherent logic driven by the West's claimed mission to bring civilisation," says Algerian FM Ramtane Lamamra.
President Macron finds it difficult to grasp why Algerians are still anti-French when France is yet to apologise to them for killing and abusing their forefathers during the French colonialism.
Diplomatic discord between Algeria and France deepens after Algiers bans French military planes from its airspace, in its latest response to a row over visas and critical comments from President Emmanuel Macron.
Algeria has recalled its ambassador to France for consultations after what it called "irresponsible" comments attributed to French President Emmanuel Macron, Algeria's presidency says.
In a tight election year, the French president seeks to burnish his nationalist credentials and reach out to Algerian collaborators who fought against their countrymen and women.
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